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mtDNA Results

mtDNA is used to test your mother's mother's ... mother's maternal ancestry. It is difficult to use for genealogy, as the surname is changing every generation, but there are scattered reports of paper trail connections being made with mtDNA. For information, see our mtDNA page.

We encourage everyone who has been mtDNA tested to join their mtDNA haplogroup project. See our mtDNA Haplogroup Projects page for more information.



HVR1 Mutations

HVR2 Mutations

Coding Region Mutations



H Unknown

16189C, 16519C


H23          England


263G, 315.1C

742C, 750G, 1438G, 4769G, 8860G, 10211T, 15326G


I2             Ireland

16129A, 16145A, 16223T, 16391A, 16519C

73G, 152C, 199C, 207A, 250C, 263G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 573.1C, 573.2C



J2b1a1     Unknown

16069T, 16126C, 16193T, 16278T, 16519C

73G, 150T, 152C, 263G, 295T, 309.1C, 315.1C, 489C

750G, 1438G, 2706G, 3395G, 3637T, 4216C, 4769G, 4907C, 5633T, 6734A, 7028T, 7476T, 7690T, 8860G, 10172A, 10398G, 11251G, 11719A, 12612G, 13527G, 13708A, 14110C, 14569A, 14766T, 15257A, 15326G, 15452A, 15812A




R0a          Italy

T2 Unknown

U1           Poland

16126C, 16266T, 16362C

16126C, 16292T, 16294T, 16519C

16092C, 16182C, 16183C, 16189C, 16242T, 16249C, 16294T, 16362C

73G, 263G, 285T, 309.1C, 315.1C


Last update: 3/18/2011

If you are seeking information on your deep ancestry (1000s and 10,000s of years ago) the standard, $99 mtDNA test should be sufficient. (This test is sometimes called HVR1 )

If you wish to use your mtDNA result to confirm a maternal ancestry (you and another person share a common maternal ancestor) then you will gain by taking the mtDNA Plus test which costs $149 (This test is sometimes called HVR1 + HVR2)

If you wish to test your entire mtDNA sequence, then you'll want the mtDNA Full Sequence test, which costs $449. (FTDNA calls this test "Mega") FTDNA suggests this for anyone who doesn't wish to be upgrading when they need more info, as this will give you the entire sequence.

An upgrade from mtDNA to mtDNA Plus is $75 and the upgrade from mtDNA to Mega is $460, while the upgrade from mtDNA Plus to Mega is $450.

Click here to place an order for a DNA test at Family Tree DNA


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