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Mitochodrial mtDNAi is used to test your mother's mother's ... mother's maternal ancestry.  This DNA is passed to all childrren of each mother. However it is only transferred to later generation by daugthers.It is difficult to use for genealogy, as the surname is changing every generation, but there are scattered reports of paper trail connections being made with mtDNA.  For information, see our mtDNA page. 



Kit Number Country Haplogroup HVR1 Mutations HVR2 Mutations Coding Region Mutations
156132 Unknown Origin H 16263C, 16519C        
134563 Unknown Origin H1 16169T, 16241G, 16519C 263G, 315.1C Private    
6921 Unknown Origin H10 16519C 263G, 309.1C, 315.1C Private    
104613 England H4a 16256T        
91506 Unknown Origin T 16126C, 16294T, 16311C, 16519C        



We encourage everyone who has been mtDNA tested to join their mtDNA haplogroupi project.  See our mtDNA Haplogroup Projects page for more information.  


If you are seeking information on your deep ancestry (1000s and 10,000s of years ago) and earleist ethnic origins in prehistoric times then the standard $99 mtDNA test should be sufficient.  (This test is sometimes called HVR1)


If you wish to use your mtDNA result to confirm a maternal ancestry (you and another person share a common maternal ancestor, then you will gain by taking the "mtDNA Plus" test which costs $129 (This test is sometimes called HVR1 + HVR2)


If you wish to test your entire mtDNA sequence, then you’ll want the mtDNA Full Sequence test, Starting in Nov 2009,  with new processing equipment, FTDNA  lowered the priece of this test from $495 to $299.   (FTDNAi calls this test “Mega”)  FTDNA suggests this for anyone who doesn’t wish to be upgrading when they need more info – as this will give you the complete and entire mtDNA sequence.. If your Haplgroups ends up testing out as one of the more common Haplogroups like "H", you could end up with thousands of matches in both HVR1 and HVR2 testign. The only way to make genealogically significant matches woud then be to use this Full Sequence MtDNA  test.


Upgrades from lower level tests cost more in the long run. It our recommendation that if you wish to use these testes for genealogical  purposes with histroical families that you at least start with the "MtDNA Plus" test.



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