Most Wings in the U.S. descend from Rev. John Wing (1584-1630) and his wife, Deborah Bachiler (c1590-p1640). Rev. John's father-in-law, the noted Rev. Stephen Bachiler, brought the widow Deborah and her family to New England in 1632. They originally lived at Saugus (now Lynn), but moved to Sandwich (on Cape Cod) upon its settlement in 1637. The Wings were among the first converts to the Society of Friends (Quakers) in America, helping to form the first meetings in the 1650s.

While there was a Robert Wing who emigrated to Boston in 1634 with his family, this line became extinct (no male Wings surviving) in the early part of the 18th century (1700s). There was also a Hugh Wing who settled in Virginia in 1620, but he left no known male posterity. It is believed all (or nearly all) of the Wings enumerated in the 1790 & 1800 Censuses are descendants of Rev. John & Deborah.

There was a Wing family living in Pennsylvania at the time of the 1790 Census. They included a Capt. Frederick Wing and a John Wing. It is currently unknown whether they descend from Rev. John & Deborah, or if they were early emigrants to America (possibly from Germany).

Most of the other Wing emigrants who came to America arrived in the 19th Century. Emigrants bearing the Wing name are known to have come from the following countries: England, Wales, Germany, Norway & Sweden.

 

Origin of the Wing surname

There are four basic categories of surnames: Occupational (Baker, Cook, Smith, etc.), Patrynomic (O'Brien, Johnson, McDonald, etc.), Place (town - Buckingham, Derry, etc. or in general - Church, Atwood, etc.), and Nickname (Young, Fox, Tallman, etc.)

The surname of Wing is derived from a place. There are two parishes of Wing in England. There is the smaller Wing in Rutlandshire (parish church St. Peter and St. Paul) as well as Wing in Buckinghamshire (parish church All Saints). Wing, Buckinghamshire lies about 29 miles from Banbury, Oxfordshire (where the Rev. John Wing was christened), while Wing, Rutlandshire lies about 50 miles from Banbury.

Both Wing manors lie near the boundary of the "Danelaw" (area of England the Danish vikings settled after the Treaty of (Kings) Alfred & Guthrum (circa 882). According to a wikipedia article on Wing, Rutland  (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wing,_Rutland) its name first occurs as Wenge in the twelfth century, and probably came from Old Norse vengi = "field".

Given the etymology of the name, and the location of the two Wing manors, it was originally thought our Wing ancestor had come to the British Isles during this Viking invasion of the late 9th Century. However, DNA test results indicate our Haplogroup is in the R1b (Germanic) family, rather than the I (Scandanavian) family. 

Additionally, a website of Wing All Saints www.wingvillage.co.uk/allsaints1.htm states the church "Stands on an ancient religious site; a monastery church in the seventh century, probably associated with the ownership of the manor by the king of Wessex."  It also states "The location was mentioned in the will of Queen Elgifu/Elgiva AD circa 957 {sic}* spelt Weowungum. In the Domesday Book AD 1086 Witehunge" It appears its modern name is only coincidentally a homonym for the Norse word "wing".

 * This Queen Elgifu/Elgiva was likely the first wife of Edmund I, King of Wessex (ruled 939-946). Queen Elgifu was noted for her piety and after her death (in 944) was canonized as a Saint. This clearly establishes the church (and manor) as belonging to the Saxons (rather than the Danes) about 50 years after the creation of the Danelaw.

Given this new information, it appears our remote direct male-line ancestor was a member of the Anglo-Saxon invasion (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Saxons) which occured in Britain after the Roman Empire abandoned the island (early in the 5th Century A.D.).