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Technical terminology (e.g., the word "haplogroup") is defined in the ISOGG glossary here.  The ISOGG tree for Haplogroup I is here and for Haplogroup R here.

Haplogroup I1

* Somerset (England) to Canada

The paper trail for kit 214534 leads to William Orchard of Dunster parish in Somerset, England. He was baptised there in 1774 by Robert and Mary (Baker). Orchard, who were married in 1764. The test results of the Canadian man show a large genetic separation from Lineage 1 of Haplogroup I1, indicating a separate lineage.

* Somerset (England) to United States (lineage 1)

The paper trails for kits B1358, 221837 and 229075, which show nearly identical test results and are shown as a confirmed "lineage", lead to John Archerd of Mason County, Kentucky and later Clermont County, Ohio. John's grave monument says that he was born in "Somersetshire on July 4, 1770. An old family story speculates that the surname was Orchard in Somerset but was pronounced to sound like Archard. The story also speculates that John's parents were Thomas Orchard and Jane Russell.

 

Haplogroup I2b1

* Cornwall (England) to United States

The paper trail for kit 230645 leads to John Orchard. He married Mary Hambley on October 16, 1820 in Lesnewth Parish in Cornwall, England. John and Mary and their children appear in the 1850 U. S. census for Poughkeepsie, Dutchess County, New York.

* UK to Canada

The paper trail for kits 381857 and 301858, which show identical test results lead from the UK to Canada.

 

Haplogroup R1b1a2

* Bristol (England) to South Africa

The paper trails for kits 214933 and 223311, which show nearly identical test results and are shown as a confirmed "lineage", lead to James Orchard, whose 1832 Cape Town marriage record (wife Ellen Vippond) states that he was from Bristol (presumably England).

* Wiltshire (England) to United States

The paper trail for kit 231880 leads to James Archard. He was baptized in 1775 in Bromham Parish in Wiltshire, England. His father was Philip Archard from the same parish. James' grandfather appears to be John Archard, also of Bromham Parish. John was born about 1710.

* Still in England

The paper trail for kit 229647 leads to Albert Thomas Orchard of Bristol, England. He was born in 1857 to George Orchard and Anna Goodman. George was born about 1822 in Wootton Courtney Parish, Somerset.



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