What is a Y-DNA test?
A Y-DNA test is only available to males and and the results will reveal the patrilineal lineage (the father, to grandfather, to great-grandfather, etc.) of your family.
A small portion of a male’s DNA called the “Y” chromosome (that was inherited solely from his father) is tested. Since the “markers” tested on the “Y” chromosome rarely mutates with each generation, the results should match identically (or nearly identically) to his father. This chromosome can identify the "genetic signature” for a particular Kent family and is useful when comparing the results with other Kent male descendants. Since women do not inherit the “Y” chromosome it is essential that the test taker be a male believing he is directly descended solely from the Kent male’s patrilineal line (Kent father, to grandfather, to the furthest known male Kent ancestor). The test taker usually has the surname of Kent, although common-sense exceptions can result in direct-descendants of a Kent male not retaining the surname. Women, or for those that descend from a Kent female ancestor, can participate by encouraging a Kent father, brother, grandfather, uncle or cousin to take a y-DNA test to represent their Kent lineage (if a known male exists).
Click here to place an order for a Y-DNA test at Family Tree DNA
What is an Autosomal DNA test?
An autosomal test is available for both males AND females and the results will reveal family connections from all branches of your family.*
The autosomal DNA test at Family Tree DNA (our preferred testing company) is called the “Family Finder” test and is designed to give the genetic results of your parents, all four of your grandparents, all eight of your great-grandparents (and, so forth) to approximately five generations. Your genetic results will automatically be compared against other individuals in the database that have taken the Family Finder test and genetic matches can be contacted. This test can be a powerful tool for your genealogy research.
Anyone that descends from a Kent ancestor (in any way) and has taken an autosomal DNA test at Family Tree DNA is welcome to join the Kent Family & DNA Project. However, since the autosomal test results cannot follow one surname (results will be for all branches of your family) the genetic results are not analyzed by the project.
* This test differs from the "y-DNA" test that targets a male's solely paternal line or the "mt-DNA" test that targets a male OR females solely maternal line.
Click here to place an order for the "Family Finder" test at Family Tree DNA
What is an mt-DNA test?
An mt-DNA test is available for both males AND females and the results will reveal family connections strictly from your matrilineal line.
An "mt-DNA" test targets the mitocondria DNA that every child (both sons and daughters) received from their mother. The results are designed to give the genetic results of the strictly matrilineal line of your family (your mother, her mother, to her mother, and so forth).
This test is most often used to discover the ancient origins of your matrilineal ancestry and/or to test specific individuals with an uncertain relationship for the purpose of determining if they have a genetic relationship on the matrilineal line.
Utilizing an mt-DNA test specifically for genealogy purposes can be challenging since traditionally a woman will adopt her husband's surname at time of marriage. Although, even with a mother's surname traditionally changing in each generation, there are scattered reports of significant genealogy connections being discovered by comparing the traditional paper-trail genealogy with the results.
Anyone that descends from a Kent ancestor (whether it is from the patrilineal line or the matrilineal line) and has taken an mt-DNA test with Family Tree DNA is welcome to join the Kent Family & DNA Project. However, since the mt-DNA test results cannot follow one surname (again, since traditionally, women change surnames with each generation) the genetic results are not analyzed by the project. For information, see our mt-DNA page.
Click here to place an order for an mt-DNA test at Family Tree DNA