What is a "y" DNA test?
This test will give DNA results on the "y" chromosome that males inherit from their biological father. This test is essential for the Kent Family & DNA Project since each of the lineages are grouped according to a qualifying Kent male descendant's deep ancestry.
Reveal your patrilineal lineage (father to grandfather, to great-grandfather and beyond). A small portion of a male’s DNA called the “Y” chromosome (that was inherited solely from his father) is tested. Since the “markers” tested on the “Y” chromosome rarely mutates with each generation, the results should match identically (or nearly identically) to his father. This chromosome can identify the "genetic signature” for a particular Kent family and is useful when comparing the results with other Kent male descendants. Since women do not inherit the “Y” chromosome it is essential that the test taker be a male believing he is directly descended solely from the Kent male’s patrilineal line (Kent father, to grandfather, to the furthest known male Kent ancestor). The test taker usually has the surname of Kent, although common-sense exceptions can result in direct-descendants of a Kent male not retaining the surname. Women, or for those that descend from a Kent female ancestor, can participate by encouraging a Kent father, brother, grandfather, uncle or cousin to take a y-DNA test to represent their Kent lineage (if a known male exists). The "Y-DNA37" will test thirty-seven markers and is considered the minimum amount of markers to test for genealogical value.
Click here to place an order for a Y-DNA test at Family Tree DNA
Click here to transfer your y-DNA results from a third party ($19, with optional upgrades available).
Click here to transfer your National Geographic's Geno Project results (free of charge).
What is an Autosomal DNA test?
This test will give DNA results on the 22 pairs of autosomal chromosomes* that every male and female inherits from their biological mother and biological father. Test available for both males and females.
Reveal family connections from all branches of your family for approximately five generations. The autosomal DNA test at Family Tree DNA is known as “Family Finder.” It is designed to connect you with other participants that genetically match you within (approximately) five generations and expects to give your DNA results, as inherited, from each of your second-great grandparents.
Depending on your genealogy research goals, this test can be a powerful tool in conjunction with documented research. "Family Finder" is highly recommended within the genetic genealogy community and is an industry standard.
* DNA results also include information on the "X" chromosome (part of the 23rd pair of chromosomes) as inherited by both males and females.
Click here to place an order for the "Family Finder" test at Family Tree DNA
Click here to transfer (free of charge) a copy of your autosomal DNA results from AncestryDNA or your vChip results from 23andMe.
Now that I have my test results, I'd like to learn more! The International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG) offers a great overview of this test and how to maximize the information once the results have arrived. For further information, please contact your administrator. Click here for examples and guidance at <www.isogg.org>.
Anyone that has taken an autosomal DNA test (atDNA) should upload a copy of their test results to the free third-party website, www.GEDmatch.com. The webite allows users to upload their test results from all three genetic testing companies so you can compare your DNA along with others that tested at a different genetic testing company. The guide is here.
What is an mt-DNA test?
An mt-DNA test is available for both males AND females and the results will reveal family connections strictly from your matrilineal line.
An "mt-DNA" test targets the mitocondria DNA that every child (both sons and daughters) received from their mother. The results are designed to give the genetic results of the strictly matrilineal line of your family (your mother, her mother, to her mother, and so forth).
This test is most often used to discover the ancient origins of your matrilineal ancestry and/or to test specific individuals with an uncertain relationship for the purpose of determining if they have a genetic relationship on the matrilineal line.
Utilizing an mt-DNA test specifically for genealogy purposes can be challenging since traditionally a woman will adopt her husband's surname at time of marriage. Although, even with a mother's surname traditionally changing in each generation, there are scattered reports of significant genealogy connections being discovered by comparing the traditional paper-trail genealogy with the results.
Anyone that descends from a Kent ancestor (whether it is from the patrilineal line or the matrilineal line) and has taken an mt-DNA test with Family Tree DNA is welcome to join the Kent Family & DNA Project. However, since the mt-DNA test results cannot follow one surname (again, since traditionally, women change surnames with each generation) the genetic results are not analyzed by the project. For information, see our mt-DNA page.
Click here to place an order for an mt-DNA test at Family Tree DNA