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Project Surnames

(included, but not limited to): DeGeer, DeGere, DelaGare, DelaGeer, Gaer, Gair, Gare, Gayer, Gayre, Gear, Geare, Gearr, Gears, Geary, Geear, Geer, Geere, Geems, Geers, Gehr, Gehres, Gehrich, Gehring, Geirr, Ger, Gercken, Gere, Gerens, Geresmes, Gerhrig, Geris, Gerulf, Gerwig, Gheerens, Gherin, Ghems, Gier, Giere, Gierens, Giers, Gyr, LeGyr, MacGeer, MacGirr, McGear, McGeer, McGhirr, McGirr, O'Gear, VandenGeer, VanderGeer

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The Geer DNA project is a surname (Y-chromosome) testing project ongoing since 2005. When results of this y-chromosome testing are compared between participants, males with the same sequence of markers (also known as matches or near matches within 1 or 2 mutations) will likely share a common male ancestor within the last eight to nine generations. As mutations (markers greater than 3 mutations) increase, results indicate the common ancestor is likely further back in time.Many times this information will confirm a paper trail of one’s family history, but in some cases the results will disprove long standing beliefs as to one’s biological ancestry. Note, however, that when results disprove a genetic link to others of the same surname, there can be many reasons for the difference - such as varying countries of origin, a flawed paper trail or unrecorded life events like adoption, intentional name change or unmarried spouses. No matter how the DNA result comes out - you're still a member of the Geer family.

The Geer DNA Project works to:

1. Provide researchers working on Geer (Gear/Geere/Gere etc) family lineages a place to come together to find and share their common heritage.

2. Identify the DNA lines of ancestor Geer families and compile them and their lost branches into distinct genetic lineages through DNA matches.

What Is DNA?

   DNA (or deoxyribonucleic acid) is a molecule found in the center (or nucleus) of a cell that contains genetic instructions for building living organisms. This chemical structure, known as a gene, is packaged in 23 pairs known as chromosomes. Each individual has 46 chromosomes, 23 received from each parent. It is in the 23rd chromosome pair that males receive one X- and one Y-chromosome, while females receive two X-chromosomes, thus allowing researchers a new avenue to trace paternal ancestry on the unchanging Y-chromosome by measuring the number of sequences (repeats) of DNA pieces collected in a simple cheek swab by participants. For a full explanation of DNA see: Genetics & Genealogy - An Introduction With Some DNA Case Study Examples  by Charles F. Kerchner, Jr.

DNA tests are found in two primary forms: y-chromosome (paternal) and mitochondrial (maternal) line ancestry, each providing separate haplogroup identifications. New testing procedures, such as Family Finder, provide more extensive DNA profiles and will identify matches across male and female boundaries.

Y-DNA Testing - Fathers’ Ancestry Passed only through Sons

   The Y-Chromosome, passed virtually unchanged from father to son over hundreds of years, has definable segments of DNA with known genetic characteristics, as does the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). These segments are known as markers. These markers occur at identifiable physical locations on the chromosomes known as a locus. Each marker, as defined by international standards, is designated by a number; known as DYS#, the label for genetic markers on the y-chromosome where D = DNA, Y = Y chromosome, S = a unique DNA segment).  Technically the marker is what is tested and the locus is where the marker is located on the chromosome. When put together, these numbers provide a DNA sequence (alleles) unique to a particular identifiable group of males that is described today as a surname.

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) - Mothers’ Ancestry Passed through Sons & Daughters

   Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is passed from mother to child, both male and female. This test traces the participants direct mother’s line without influence from other lines. This test is used to support or disprove a direct maternal connection between two or more individuals. Because of the broad range of input, results identify ethnic and geographic origin of a particular group of females and not individual family surnames.

Haplogroup - Deep Ancestry & Migration Patterns from Ancient Times determined in both y-DNA & mtDNA Testing

   In the study of genetic genealogy, molecular evolution is described by haplogroups, which are a group of similar haplotypes; a combination of DNA sequences (alleles) at different places (loci) on the chromosome that are transmitted together. Each haplotype share a common ancestor with a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) mutation, thus indicating a participants deep ancestral origin dating back thousands of years.  The Y-DNA haplogroups and mtDNA haplogroups are both used to define genetic populations. Remember, Y-DNA is passed solely along the paternal line, from father to son, while mtDNA is passed down the maternal line, from mother to offspring of both sexes. Neither recombines, and thus Y-DNA and mtDNA change only by chance mutation at each generation with no intermixture between the parents' genetic material.

DNA Results and Project Summary - June 2013

    The GEER DNA Project has grown to 54 participants since its beginning in 2005. Of this number, 35 y-DNA kits represent participants with direct Geer or Geer variant surnames that have revealed 13 distinct y-DNA lines in the United States, England, New Zealand, Hungary and Germany. Two y-DNA kits were not returned for testing and 17 DNA kits were maternal (mtDNA) submissions.

English Ancestry

     The English ancestry participants have been classified into seven y-DNA groups with participants so far in four groups:

English Geere / Geer Lineage I : Walter Geere of Heavitree, Devon, England on RootsWeb [needs participants]

English Geere / Geer Lineage II : John Geare Family of Exeter, Devon, England on RootsWeb

                                                       : John Geere Family of Wivelsfield, Sussex, England on RootsWeb

English Gear / Geer Lineage III : Charles W. Gear/Geer Family of Northamptonshire, England on RootsWeb

English Geer Lineage IV : Joseph Geer Family of Kent, England on RootsWeb

- English Geer Lineage V - Unknown [Ancestry of Christopher Lynn Geer]

- English Gears Lineage I : Charles Gears Family of Shropshire, England on RootsWeb [needs participants]

- English Dager Lineage I : John Dager Family of Shropshire, England on RootsWeb [needs participants]

     Of particular interest to the Geer Family Association is a DNA connection to the descendants of Walter Geere of Heavitree, Devon, England (English Geere / Geer Lineage I), the presumed ancestor of George and Thomas Geer of Connecticut. We have confirmed a y-DNA profile that indicates four of five participants share a common English ancestor born before the year 1500. This profile does not match any participant in the George Geer family of Connecticut (Geer Lineage I).  Two of these participants shared their individual pedigrees that traces their ancestry to Exeter, Devon and Wivelsfield, Sussex respectively (English Geere / Geer Lineage II). This common ancestor is not named as there is a break in the pedigrees of the participants; i.e: in the two identified pedigrees one pedigree goes back further than the other. Participant Alan GEARE of London, 7th great-grandson of John GEARE (d. 1696 in Exeter, Devon) matches the 12 marker profile of Jeremy Geere, 12th great-grandson of John GEERE (d. c.1570 in Wivelsfield, Sussex). Participant Robert Joseph Geer also shares these 12 markers and Daniel Leo Geary, Jr. is a 2-step mutation from these markers. Because of the limited comparison value at the 12 marker position further testing is needed to confirm the exact relationship between these participants. A fifth participant, Christopher Lynn Geer (English Geer Lineage V - Unknown), returned a y-DNA profile that did not match any of the other identified y-DNA profiles and did not identify his pedigree other than that his ancestry was English.

     Since these four participants named above returned different DNA y-chromosome Segment #’s (DYS#’s) than those of the George Geer descendants of Connecticut (Geer Lineage I) the possibility still exists that the Geer descendants of Connecticut could be descendants of Walter Geere of Heavitree, Devon since no identified participant from the Walter Geer line has joined the project. Finding and testing a Walter Geer descendant would greatly benefit confirmation of this possible connection.

     Participant George Mitchell Geer (English Gear / Geer Lineage III) identified a Geer lineage that descends from Charles Weston Gear (aka) Geer (b. bef. March 7, 1819 in Potterspury, Northampton, England; d. January 12, 1893 in Westminster, Windham Co., VT). Charles’ father was Christopher Weston of Potterspury, Northampton, England and mother, Ann Gear of Braunston, Northampton, England, daughter of Charles Gear (b. abt. 1755) of Daventry, Northampton, England. The ancestry of Charles Gear is unknown and the y-DNA profile follows the Weston surname.

        George Edward Geer (English Geer Lineage IV), 4th great-grandson of Joseph Geer (b. c1760 in England, d. c1821 Cranbrook, Kent, England), presents another distinct Englishy-DNA profile.  No comparisons limits interpreting these test results. [additional participants needed]

United States GEER / GEAR Ancestry

     The Geer/Gear y-DNA participants in the United States have been classified into twelve y-DNA groups; seven groups have participants/ five groups have been identified, but do not have participants:

Geer Lineage I : Descendants of George and Thomas Geer of Connecticut on RootsWeb

Geer Lineage II : Descendants of John Geer of North Carolina on RootsWeb

Geer Lineage III : Descendants of Ransom Erastus Geer of Tennessee on RootsWeb

Geer Lineage IV : Peter Franklin Marion Geer Family of New York and Early Co., Georgia on RootsWeb [needs participants]

Geer Lineage V : Jesse M. Geers Family of Virginia and Madison Co., Illinois on RootsWeb [needs participants]

Geer Lineage VI : John L. Geer Family of Davis & Hopkins Co., Texas on RootsWeb [needs participants]

Geer Lineage VII : Thomas M. Geer Family of Tennessee on RootsWeb

Geer Lineage VIII : John Leonard Geer Family of Bavaria, Germany and Union Co., Ohio on RootsWeb [needs participants]

Geer Lineage IX : John B. Geer Family of New York, Indiana & Kansas on RootsWeb [possibly related to Geer Lineage I]

Gear Lineage I : Samuel Gear Family of Preston, New London Co., Connecticut on RootsWeb

Gear / Geer / Gaer Lineage II : Nathaniel Gear / Geer Family of Orange Co., Virginia on RootsWeb

Gier Lineage I : Jacob Geiger (aka) Gier Family of Baden-Württemberg, Germany & Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania on RootsWeb [needs participants]

Participants and family groups identified with the GEER, GEAR and GAER spellings in the United States have been classified into 11 distinct DNA groups. Geer Lineages IV, V, VI and VIII representing descendants of Peter Franklin Marion Geer of New York and Early Co., Georgia; Jesse M. Geers of Virginia and Madison Co., Illinois; John L. Geer of Davis and Hopkins Co., Texas and John Leonard Geer of Germany and Union Co., Ohio have had no participants.

GEER LINEAGE I representing descendants of George and Thomas Geer of Connecticut has had seven DNA participants all from the George Geer line with matches or near matches that establishes a y-DNA profile for this family group. No participants have been tested from the Thomas Geer line and ongoing efforts to identify and encourage testing from the Thomas line continues.  Of the George Geer descendents tested, the following sons and descendant participants returned a match on all markers or a near match indicating that these men share a common ancestor believed to be George Geer [ID#1].

- Jonathan Geer [ID# 3], first son of George Geer, through 7th great-grandson James Edward “Beau” Geer and participant Donald Eugene Geer, great-grandson of John B. Geer (Geer Lineage IX) of New York, share a 100% match with each other. However, their y-DNA markers differ from other George Geer descendants at a mutation of 3 markers. This indicates that these men are “probably related” to a common ancestor who may be George Geer, but may possibly be related further back in time. A possible ancestry disconnect from the George Geer line may occur at William Kenton Geer [ID# 995-3] for participate James Edward “Beau” Geer. Participant Donald Eugene Geer does not show a paternal ancestry past John B. Geer of New York. Further research is needed on these two participants to clarify a DNA connection to George Geer. Additional Jonathan Geer descendant testing would help clarify this DNA line.

- Joseph Geer [ID# 4], second son of George Geer, through his 6th great-grandson, Eugene Warren Geer, Jr., is a 100% match to other George Geer descendants; through his 5th great-grandson, Mark Francis Geer, and 6th great-grandson, Dennis Patrick Geer, there is a 1 mutation match indicating that these men are related to other George Geer descendants.

- Daniel Geer [ID# 8], third son of George Geer, through his 6th great-grandson, James Henderson Geer, is a 100% match to other George Geer descendants.

- Robert Geer [ID# 9], fourth son of George Geer, through his 6th great-grandson, Kenneth James “Ken” Geer, is a 100% match to other George Geer descendants.

- Isaac Geer [ID# 11], fifth son of George Geer, has had no participants from his descendant line. [needs participants]

- Jeremiah Geer [ID# 12], sixth son of George Geer, through his 5th great-grandson, Paul William Gere, is a 100% match to other George Geer descendants.

GEER LINEAGE II representing descendants of John Geer of North Carolina has had eight participants with matches that establishes a y-DNA profile for this family group.  All participants returned 100% matches or matches with 1 mutation to the group y-DNA profile. Of particular importance to this DNA group is the inclusion of Solomon Geer [ID# 389] in the 1923 Geer Genealogy. DNA test results disprove this Solomon as a descendant of George Geer [ID# 1]. Detailed research indicates this Solomon is the son of David Geer and grandson of John Geer of North Carolina. The participants and relationships to John Geer of North Carolina include: Robert Sellars Geer and H. Calvin Geer - 4th great-grandsons; Joseph Richard Geer, John Mattison Geer, Jr. and Samuel Taylor Geer - 5th great-grandsons; William Francis Geer, Jr. and Wesley Hardin Geer - 6th great-grandsons; and Steven Wesley Geer - 7th great-grandson.

Exploring German or Dutch ancestry may benefit the search for the European origins of Geer families that settled in the southern United States and may identify the American Immigrant of the descendants of the John Geer of North Carolina. Continued testing of other male descendants on this line such as: William Geer (d. bef. May 28, 1770) of Brunswick Co., Virginia, William Geer (d. bef. May 8, 1844) of Morgan Co. Georgia; Frederick C. Geer (d. abt. November 5, 1848) of Wake Co., NC; Jesse B. Geer (d. aft. 1880) of Durham, NC and Frederick "Fred/Teddy" Geer (d. May 25, 1867) of White (now Putnam) Co., Tennessee will provide more comparison in this DNA group.

GEER LINEAGE III representing descendants of Ransom Erastus Geer of Tennessee include four participants that are all a 100% y-DNA match to each other, indicating they share a common ancestor believed to be Ransom Erastus Geer (1802 - 1885) of Sparta, White Co., TN. This DNA profile is also an exact match to the Nanney surname that can be traced back to Brunswick Co., Virginia and later Rutherford and Orange Co., NC. It is speculated that Shadrach Nanney (1769 Brunswick Co., VA - 1836 Union Mills, Rutherford Co., NC), son of John B. Nanney (1746-1804) and Ellie Cator (b. c1745), is Ransom’s father based on marriage dates and locations of the family, however it cannot be known for sure in that the DNA profile only indicates genetic connection and not specific individuals. Ransom’s mother is identified as Mary “Polly” Geer, daughter of Frederick Geer and granddaughter of John Geer of North Carolina (Geer Lineage II). The participants and relationships to Ransom Geer of Tennessee include: Carl Wesley Geer and James Horace Geer - 2nd great-grandsons and Luther Frederick Geer and Gary Franklin Wiseman - 3rd great-grandsons.

GEER LINEAGE VII representing descendants of Thomas M. Geer of Tennessee has one y-DNA participant, James Anthony Geer a 2nd great-grandson. No comparisons limits interpreting these test results.  [additional participants needed]

GEAR LINEAGE I representing the descendants of Samuel Gear of Preston, New London Co., Connecticut has had three participants that share a y-DNA match with one mutation indicating they share a common ancestor. Since this line is not a y-DNA match to participants identified in Geer Lineage I although it is recorded in the 1923 Geer Genealogy, the results indicate a disconnect from the George Geer Family of Connecticut, possibly at the surname change from GEER to GEAR at Samuel Gear [ID# 57]. The participants and relationships to Samuel Gear include Marcus Daniel Gear, Walter Lunn Geer and William Michael Geer all 5th great-grandsons.

GEAR / GEER / GAER LINEAGE II representing descendants of Nathaniel Gear/Geer of Orange Co., Virginia has one y-DNA participant, David Glenn Gaer a 5th great-grandson.  No comparisons limits interpreting these test results. [additional participants needed]

 

GEIER ANCESTRY

     The Geier y-DNA participants have been classified into two y-DNA groups:

Geier Lineage I : Johann Philipp Gottfried Geier Family of Württemberg, Germany on RootsWeb

Geier Lineage II : John Geier Family of Hungary and Cook Co., Illinois on RootsWeb

GEIER LINEAGE II representing descendants of John Geier of Hungary and Cook Co., Illinois has one y-DNA participant, Troy Allen Geier a 2nd great-grandson. No comparisons limits interpreting these test results. [additional participants needed]  

 

DAGER ANCESTRY

     The Dager family in the United States needs participants:

DAGER LINEAGE II : John Dager Family of Herkimer Co., New York on RootsWeb

 

DE GEER / DEGEER ANCESTRY

De GEER LINEAGE I : Lambert De Geer Family of Liège, Belgium on RootsWeb

DeGEER LINEAGE II : Jean DeGeer Family of New York on RootsWeb

DEGEER LINEAGE II representing descendants of Jean DeGeer of New York has one y-DNA participant, Charles Vaughn DeGeer a 4th great-grandson. No comparisons limits interpreting these test results. [additional participants needed] 

 

DEGER ANCESTRY

- DEGER LINEAGE I : Basil Deger Family of Baden-Württemberg, Germany and Montgomery Co., Ohio on RootsWeb

DEGER LINEAGE I representing descendants of Basil Deger of Germany ad Montgomery Co., Ohio has one y-DNA participant, William Deger a 4th great-grandson. No comparisons limits interpreting these test results. [additional participants needed]

 

Unknown Geer Lineages -Participants may share their individuals ancestries with the project to help in identifying related individuals that may be DNA tested.

 

SUMMARY

The GEER y-DNA Project, in addition to identifying and grouping Geer and Geer variant surname participants into genetic family groups, has most importantly identified changes to the 1923 GEER GENEALOGY which had included Solomon Geer [ID# 389] and Samuel Gear [ID# 57] as descendants of George Geer [ID# 1]. DNA results indicate these two family groups have distinct y-DNA profiles that differ from the profile of descendants of George Geer. Such results are sometimes unexpected, but serve to identify an accurate ancestry for those participants and family groups. Descendants should not be disappointed with the revelations of y-DNA testing for it gives one new avenues to explore and new ancestors to cherish.

 

DNA Results and Project Summary - July 2009   

   During the past year our participant number has grown to 31 providing a picture of the genetic makeup of eleven (11) separate Geer/Gear/Gaer/Geere DNA family lines in the United States, England and New Zealand. Special thanks to Donna Gear Loper (GEAR LINEAGE I), Ginger August (GEER LINEAGE I), Gary Wiseman (GEER LINEAGE III) and Jeremy Geere (English Geere/Geare/Geer Lineage II) for persevering on their respective lines and their commitment to the Geer DNA Project.

Geer Lineage I - George and Thomas Geer Families of Connecticut: Participants G-12, G-13 and G-24 have been shown to be an exact DNA match, this indicating their common ancestor to be George Geer (c1621-1726) of Preston, New London Co., CT. Participant G-11 was a near match to these participants, but is probably not related due to a genetic distance of 2 in the 12 yDNA markers. This indicates that the ancestry of participant G-11 may have a disconnect from the George Geer line, possibly at William Kenton Geer [ID# 995-3].

Geer Lineage II - John Geer Family of Orange Co., North Carolina: Participants G-2, G-3, G-7, G-14, G-18 & G-20 all share an exact DNA match indicating a common relationship to ancestor John Geer (d. 1769) of Orange Co., NC. In particular, participants G-7, G-14, G-18, G-20 all share a common ancestor identified as Solomon Geer [ID# 389], proving that this Solomon was misplaced in the 1923 Geer Genealogy and not a descendant of George Geer [ID# 1] of Connecticut.

Geer Lineage III - Ransom Geer Family of White Co., Tennessee: Participants G-1, G-5, G-6 and G-31 are an exact DNA match indicating they share a common ancestor, believed to be Ransom Erastus Geer (1802 - 1885) of Sparta, White Co., TN. This DNA profile is also an exact match to the Nanney surname that can be traced back to Brunswick Co., Virginia and later Rutherford and Orange Co., NC. It is speculated that Shadrach Nanney (1769 Brunswick Co., VA - 1836 Union Mills, Rutherford Co., NC), son of John B. Nanney (1746-1804) and Ellie Cator (b. c1745), is Ransom’s father based on marriage dates and locations of the family, however it cannot be known for sure in that the DNA profile only indicates genetic connection and not specific individuals. Ransom’s mother is identified as Mary “Polly” Geer, daughter of Frederick Geer and granddaughter of John Geer (d. 1769) of Orange Co., NC (Geer Lineage II). This relationship is supported by the affirmation of Mary’s great-grandson, Hul Higgson Usrey (1867-1977) of White Co., TN who states:

… My father's name is Thomas C. Usrey. He was the son of Sam Usrey and Mary, his wife. Her name before her marriage was Geer, the daughter of Frederick Geer (Ransom was her son) before her marriage to my grandfather, Sam Usrey. ...  by H. H. Usrey, May 16, 1939

Geer Lineage IV - Peter Franklin Marion Geer Family of New York and Early Co., Georgia: This line needs participants.

Gear Lineage I - Samuel Gear Family of Preston, New London Co., Connecticut: Participants G-4, G-10 & G-22 share a DNA match indicating they share a common ancestor. Since this line is not a DNA match to participants identified in Geer Lineage I and recorded in the 1923 Geer Genealogy, the results indicate a disconnect from the George Geer Family of Connecticut, possibly at the surname change from GEER to GEAR at Samuel Gear [ID# 57]. See comments for further research below.

Gear/Gaer/Geer Lineage II - Nathaniel Gear/Gaer Family of Orange Co., Virginia: Participant G-19 has identified a DNA profile that needs additional participants in order to establish a connection to a common ancestor.

English Geere/Geer Lineage I - Walter Geere of Heavitree, Devon, England: This line needs English participants to identify a DNA profile that may provide evidence of a connection to Geer Lineage I - George & Thomas Geer Families of Connecticut.

English Geere/Geer Lineage II - Unknown Common Ancestor born before 1500: Participant G-15, a descendant of John Geere of Wivelsfield, Sussex, England, is an exact DNA match to participant G-17, a descendant of John Geare of Exeter, Devon, England, indicating in this case that the Geere's of Sussex are genetically related to the Geare's of Exeter. Participants G-15 and G-17 share an unknown common ancestor, born before the year 1500. Participant G-13 does not share a DNA profile with G-15 & G-17 indicating at some point in his ancestry there is a disconnect from John Geere of Wivelsfield, Sussex, England.  

Comments for further research: All Geer/Gear/Gaer/Geere ect. family lines would benefit from additional participants. Our goal is to test each male line from the identified patriarch to firmly establish each DNA line profile. Specifically, previously untested lines of De Geer, Gehr, Gayer would be welcome for participation.

Unknown Geer Lineages - Participants may share their individuals ancestries with the project to help in identifying related individuals that may be DNA tested.

Geer Lineage I - Finding English participants from the Walter Geere family (English Geere/Geer Lineage I) could clarify DNA markers for the descendants of American Immigrants George & Thomas Geer of Connecticut. Descendants of Joseph William Geer [ID# 995] should be tested to clarify the ancestry of participant G-11.

Geer Lineage II - Exploring German, Dutch or Swedish ancestry may benefit the search for the European origins of Geer families that settled in the southern United States and may identify the American Immigrant of the descendants of the John Geer (d. 1769) of Orange Co. North Carolina. Continued testing of other male descendants on this line such as: William Geer (d. bef. May 28, 1770) of Brunswick Co., Virginia, William Geer (d. bef. May 8, 1844) of Morgan Co. Georgia; Frederick C. Geer (d. abt. November 5, 1848) of Wake Co., NC; Jesse B. Geer (d. aft. 1880) of Durham, NC and Frederick "Fred/Teddy" Geer (d. May 25, 1867) of White (now Putnam) Co., Tennessee.

Geer Lineage III - Continued testing of Ransom Geer descendants: R. M. Geer (b. 1850), Samuel Vance Geer (b. 1858), William J. “Will” Geer (b. 1860) and Erastus Alexander “Alex” Geer (b. 1868) will further develop the genetic profile of this Geer line. It is assumed that Ransom’s sons John Wayman Geer (1835 - c1851) and Samuel Vance Geer (1838 - bef. 1860) had no issue due to their deaths at young ages.

Gear Lineage I - Continued testing of descendants of Samuel Gear [ID# 57], specifically descendants of Samuel Gear, Jr. [ID# 177], Epaphras Gear [ID# 179], George Gear [ID# 180] and Hezekiah H. Gear [ID# 181].

English Geere/Geer Lineage II - Further traditional genealogy research and additional participants from identified patriarchs John Geere (c1520 - c1569/70) Wivelsfield, Sussex, England and John Geare (d. 1696) of Exeter, Devon, England are needed to identify a common ancestor.

DNA Results - November 30, 2007 (corrected May 19, 2008)  

     Results from participant G-15, a descendant of John Geere (b. c1520  d. c1569/70 of Wivelsfield, Sussex, England), is shown to be an exact DNA match to participant G-17, a descendant of John Geare (d. 1696 Exeter, Devon, England), indicating that the Geere's of Sussex are related to the Geare's of Exeter.  (English Geere/Geare Lineage II on the Patriarch Page.Participants G-15 and G-17 share an unknown common ancestor, born before the year 1500CORRECTION May 19, 2008: Participant G-13 listed as a DNA match to G-15 in the original November 30, 2007 discussion was in error and should have read G-17.  These DNA results rule out the possibility that the identified Geer/Gear/Gaer DNA lines in the United States share a common ancestor with participants G-13, G-15 or G-17.
Comments for further research: Additional participants from the Walter Geere family (English Geere/Geer Lineage I) could further confirm DNA markers for the English Geere/Geare/Geer family lines.  Exploring German, Dutch or Swedish ancestry may benefit the search for European origins of Geer/Gear/Gaer families in the United States.
 

DNA Results - October 24, 2007       

   Results from participant G-18, a descendant of Solomon Geer of Anderson Co., SC (ID# 389 in the 1923 Geer Genealogy), show an exact DNA match to participants G-2, G-3 and G-7, who have been shown to be descendants of John Geer of Orange Co., NC (Geer Lineage II) noted in the April 2007 and November 2005 result summary. 

DNA Results - September 15, 2007       

   Results of participant G-17, a descendant of John Geare d. 1696 of Exeter, Devon, England have been returned and identify an additional Geer/Geare/Geere DNA line in Great Britain that does not match any previous identified results.  

DNA Results - September 14, 2007       

   Results of participant G-19, a descendant of Nathaniel Gear/Gaer (1732-1815) of Orange Co., Virginia have been returned and identify an additional Geer/Gear/Gaer DNA line in the United States.  Ancestory of Nathaniel is bleived to decend from Israel Gare (b. c1632) poss. of Devon/Dorset, England.  Israel immigrated to America in 1652, when he arrived under a seven year indentured servent contract to William Debnam, residing along Crany Creek on the Ware River in Mobjack Bay, Virginia.  Israel is belived to be the father of Jonthan Gare who in turn is the father of William Gare/Gayer the father of Nathaniel.  William's will is recorded at the Court House in Saluda, Middlesex Co., VA

DNA Results - early September 2007       

   Results of participant G-16, a descendant of Immigrant George Geer (1621-1705) through his son Daniel have been shown to be an exact DNA match with participant G-12, a descendant of George Geer through his son Joseph.  These results establish clear DNA makers for descendants of George Geer of Connecticut.

DNA Results - August 2007       

   Results of participant G-12, a descendant of Immigrant George Geer (1621-1705) have been shown to be a near match with participant G-11, a descendant of Charles Thomas Geer of King Co., WA.  Since these results show a variant on two marker locations, it is suspected that the descendants are possibly not related although sharing a common surname. It is possible that each of these participants have had a mutation on their respective DNA lines and verification of such mutations must be confirmed through testing of additional descendants of George Geer.  These results also indicate that participants G-4, G-10 do not show a genetic relationship to participants G-11 and G-12 or those participants identified as members of other identified Geer lineages.

DNA Results - May 2007     

   Results from participant G-11, a descendant of Charles Thomas Geer of King Co., WA do not show a DNA match to any previous study participant.  Conclusions can still not be drawn on the descendant DNA of Lineage I - George Geer as participants G-11 and G-10, G-4 have both indicated possible descent lines from immigrant ancestor George Geer.  Comments for further research: Another participant with a proven ancestry from George Geer is needed to provide comparison data to establish this DNA line.

DNA Results - April 2007   

   Results from participant G-7, a descendant of Solomon Geer of Anderson Co., SC (identified in the 1923 Geer Genealogy with ID# 389), show an exact DNA match to participants G-2 and G-3, who are descendants of John Geer of Orange Co., NC (Geer Lineage II) noted in the November 2005 result summary.  Solomon is speculated be the oldest son of David (1745-1821), ancestor of participant G-3; since 1800 census data shows both David and Solomon living in Rutherford Co., NC and David’s 1821 Last Will and Testament mentions only three children, although he is known to have had many more. The 1790 birthdate of John (b. 1790) son of David (1745-1821) is based on 1790 & 1800 census information assuming David only had two sons. But there is an indication in later census data that John was born in 1791. Since David’s (1745-1821) household in 1790 shows one son under 16 and his 1800 household shows two sons under 10, AND Solomon has his own household in 1800; it seems reasonable to assume Solomon (ID# 389) could be the oldest son of David (1745-1821):

from: Rutherford, NC 1790 First Federal Census Index [Date SNDX L Name F Name NARS StR Pg# Family Grp.] 1790 G600 GEIR David M-637 007 118 01 01 06* 00 00: 1 white male over 16 (Husband: David); 1 white male under 16 (son: John or Frederick) [OR COULD THIS BE SOLOMON (ID# 389)]; 9 white females (wife: Susannah; daughters: Lucy, Sally,Susanna, Nancy, Rachel, and 3 unidentified females) 1800 U.S. Federal Census, Rutherford Co., NC, Series M32, Roll 33, part 1, p. 114 - David Geer (spelled Gear) household: 2 white males under 10(sons: John & Frederick) [SOLOMON (ID# 389) BELOW???]; 1 white male 45 upward (husband: David); 2 white females under 10(daus.: Gilley, married ? & Karen, married 1815); 2 white females 10-15(daus.: Nancy, married 1807 & Rachel, married 1809); 2 white female 16-25(dau.: Sally, married 1802; & Susanna, married 1804); 1 white female 45 upward(wife: Susannah); Lucy married 1799  1800 U.S. Federal Census, Rutherford Co., NC, Series M32, Roll 33, part 1, p. 114 - Solomon Geer (spelled Gear) household: 1 white male 26-44 (husband: Solomon); 1 white female under 10(daughter: Susan); 1 white female 16-25(wife: Nancy [nee Nichols] )   

   This deduction, along with the exact DNA match among the David, Frederick and Solomon Geer descendant lines, maybe more reasonable than placing the two unidentified males (one older than 16; one under 16) in Frederick Geer's 1790 household (David’s 1745-1821 brother) as Solomon (ID# 154) and Solomon, Jr. (ID# 389):

1790 Federal Census, Wake Co., NC, August 2, 1790, p. 274, Reel #M637-7, Sheet #37, Line 8 - Federick Ge*s 02 02 06 00 09 Total 19: 2 Free White Males 16+ (husband: Frederick; unidentified male); 2 Free White Males 0-16 (son: William; unidentified male); 6 Free White Females (wife: Martha; daus: Elizabeth, Lucy, Mary, Susanna, & Sarah); 9 Slaves   

   Since the 1923 Geer Genealogy has been shown to be incorrect on David Geer (ID# 390), it is suspected that John (ID# 895) is really John (b. 1790), son of David (1745-1821) and that these individuals ID# 390 and ID# 895 did not exsist as sparate individuals.  Solomon (ID# 154, b. 1760) would appear to be too young (while not impossible) to have a son Solomon (ID# 389, b. December 1775).  Research directed toward Solomon (ID# 44) may clarify a connection, if any, to immigrant ancestor George Geer (ID# 1).  As well, an additional participant from the George Geer family line is needed to substantiate that DNA line heretofore identified by only one family DNA test.    Participant G-10, brother to participant G-4, completed a 37 marker test.     Participant G-5 has been shown to be an exact match to Lineage III - Ransom Geer Family of White Co., TN, whose DNA has been found to be an exact match to the surname NANNEY.

Comments for further research: Additional participants are needed from the George Geer Line to prove a DNA line for the George Geer family (GEER Lineage I). 

Initial DNA Results - November 2005   

   Results are now in so that initial conclusions can be made about family relationships for current participants.  Read this discussion in conjunction with the Patriarch page and DNA Results page.

GEER LINEAGE I - George and Thomas Geer Families of Connecticut 

   Lineage I is assigned to this family based on traditional family history that these two brothers where the immmigrant ancestors of many American GEER families.    

Primary Conclusions: Participant G-4 is not a match to participants G-1, G-2 or G-3.  More participants are needed to establish a lineage for this family line.

GEER LINEAGE II - John Geer Family of North Carolina

Primary Conclusions: Participants G-2 and G-3 share a common ancestor.  A statistical calculation shows that this common ancestor could have lived anywhere between 1-28 generations before the test subjects, with a most likely expectation of 8-9 generations earlier.    

 Theories: John could be the common ancestor of Lineage II.  This relationship between descendants of David Geer (b. c1745 NC) and descendants of John Geer (d. 1769 NC) would make participants G-2 and G-3 fifth cousins once removed.  However, it is very possible that some or all matching family(ies) independently descend from a common ancestor who could have lived as early as the 15th century.

GEER LINEAGE II - Ransom Geer Family of Tennessee

Primary Conclusions: Participant G-1 does not share a common male ancestor with participants G-2, G-3 or G-4, disproving the often cited relationship that David Geer (b. c1745 NC and ancestor of participant G-3) is the father of Ransom Geer.  Circumstantial evidence, however, does support a family connection to GEER LINEAGE II through John's granddaughter and an unidentified male consort as noted on the patriarch page.  Thus, GEER LINEAGE III is included as part of GEER LINEAGE II.  Participant G-1 would then be a fourth cousin to participant G-3 and fifth cousin of participant G-2.

Comments for further research: As we gain more results, we expect to add designations for additional Lineages.  Further testing of Geer descendants from George and Thomas Geer, particularly descendants of Solomon Geer (b. 1760, d. April 15, 1809) who settled in Anderson Co., SC, would help in clarification of these family lines.  Another participant from the Ransom Geer line would also provide clarification of GEER LINEAGE III.

 

Participating in the GEER DNA PROGJECT provides:

  • A report on the participant's genetic DNA, which is very close (and sometimes identical) to the earliest known ancestor
  • A classification of the participant's "deep" ancestry, which gives insight into the prehistoric origins of your surname ancestors
  • A sense of camaraderie with all who participate in the Family Project, which is particularly strong for those who share a genetic ancestry
  • Stimulation to family research and sharing of information
  • A wider sense of identity and relationship, as we begin to realize how much we are a World Family
  • A chance to compare your genetic ancestry with those of the Surname and the Spelling variations
  • Locates the genetic matches that do not share your common surname

 

Published works on The GEER Family

- Historical Sketch and Genealogy of George & Thomas Geer from 1621 to 1856, by James Geer, (Hartford, CT: Elihu Geer Printer, 1856 [reprint Geer Family Association, 1988]).

- Genealogy Of The Geer Family In America From 1635 To 1914, by Walter Geer and Florence E. Youngs, (New York: Tobias A. Wright Printer and Publisher, 1914).

- The Geer Genealogy: A Historical Record of George and Thomas Geer and Their Descendants in the United States from 1623 to 1923, by Walter Geer, (Norwood, MA: The Plimpton Press, 1923).

- GEER - No Other Generation, by Frances Geer Keans (Memphis, TN: F. G. Keans, 1976).

- The Families of George Geer and Thomas Geer: A Supplement to the 1923 Genealogy, by The Geer Family Association, (Lebanon, CT: Geer Family Association, 1991).

- The Geer Family of Rutherford Co., NC with Related Families, by Robert S. Geer, (Roswell, GA: Robert S. Geer, 1992).

GEAR/GAER/GEER: A Combined Genealogical Reserach Study of, For and, By, the Gear's/Gaer's/Geer's, by G. Gordon Gaer, (Privately Published).

- The Descendants of Ransom Erastus Geer Of White County, Tennessee And Surrounding Areas, by G. C. Geer, (Carlsbad, CA: G. C. Geer, 2007).

- Descendants of Frederick Geer and Sarah Reeves of Wake County, North Carolina, by Samuel Taylor Geer, (Dallas, TX: S. T. Geer, 2007).

- The Families of George Geer and Thomas Geer: A Second Supplement to the 1923 Geer Genealogy, by The Geer Family Association, (Durham, CT: Geer Family Association, 2002).

 

GEER Family Trees

GEER LINEAGE I : Descendants of George and Thomas Geer of Connecticut on RootsWeb

GEER LINEAGE II  : Descendants of John Geer of North Carolina on RootsWeb

GEER LINEAGE III : Descendants of Ransom Erastus Geer of Tennessee on RootsWeb

GEER LINEAGE IV : Peter Franklin Marion Geer Family of New York and Early Co., Georgia on RootsWeb

GEER LINEAGE V : Jesse M. Geers Family of Virginia and Madison Co., Illinois on RootsWeb

GEER LINEAGE VI : John L. Geer Family of Davis & Hopkins Co., Texas on RootsWeb

GEER LINEAGE VII : Thomas M. Geer Family of Tennessee on RootsWeb

GEER LINEAGE VIII : John Leonard Geer Family of Bavaria, Germany and Union Co., Ohio on RootsWeb

GEER LINEAGE IX : John B. Geer Family of New York, Indiana & Kansas on RootsWeb

GEAR LINEAGE I : Samuel Gear Family of Preston, New London Co., Connecticut on RootsWeb

GEAR / GEER / GAER LINEAGE II : Nathaniel Gear / Geer / Gaer Family of Orange Co., Virginia on RootsWeb

GEIER LINEAGE I : Johann Philipp Gottfried Geier Family of Württemberg, Germany on RootsWeb

GEIER LINEAGE II : John Geier Family of Hungary and Cook Co., Illinois on RootsWeb

GIER LINEAGE I : Jacob Geiger (aka) Gier Family of Baden-Württemberg, Germany & Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania on RootsWeb

DAGER LINEAGE II : John Dager Family of Herkimer Co., New York on RootsWeb

De GEER LINEAGE I : Lambert De Geer Family of Liège, Belgium on RootsWeb

- DEGER LINEAGE I : Basil Deger Family of Baden-Württemberg, Germany and Montomgery Co., Ohio on RootsWeb

DeGEER LINEAGE II : Jean DeGeer Family of New York on RootsWeb

ENGLISH GEERE / GEER LINEAGE I : Walter Geere of Heavitree, Devon, England on RootsWeb

ENGLISH GEERE / GEER LINEAGE II : John Geare Family of Exeter, Devon, England on RootsWeb

ENGLISH GEERE / GEER LINEAGE II : John Geere Family of Wivelsfield, Sussex, England on RootsWeb

ENGLISH GEAR / GEER LINEAGE III : Charles W. Gear/Geer Family of Northamptonshire, England on RootsWeb

ENGLISH GEER LINEAGE IV : Joseph Geer Family of Kent, England on RootsWeb

- ENGLISH GEARS LINEAGE I : Charles Gears Family of Shropshire, England on RootsWeb

- ENGLISH DAGER LINEAGE I : John Dager Family of Shropshire, England on RootsWeb

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