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Farrar Coat of ArmsFarrar Coat of ArmsApologies for the Farrar-centric tone of the following.

This surname FARRAR is an old West Riding surname. Its origin is uncertain. Fayriher occurs in Cambridgeshire in the 13th century, whilst de Ferar or de Ferrar is found in Devonshire, Derbyshire and Oxfordshire. Other spellings of the name include Ferror, Ferrour, FARRIER, FERRER, FARRER, Ferrar. Fareher, Farher, Fayrher, FARROW, VAREY, VARROW, VAIROW and VARROW, to name but a few. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066, and Rogero Pharaone who was documented in the year 1158, appears to be the first of the name on record. Johannes Helistones of Elland, Halifax Parish, Morley Wapentake, York in the Yorkshire Subsidy Roll of 1379, was listed as a Ferror (smith) and wife (fferror & uxor). Hugo Farrour of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Farra was recorded in County Yorkshire in the year 1400. Johannes Ferror, a littestar (litster, lister aka dyer) was  listed in the Admissions to the Freedom f of York, Henry IV, 1399-1413, a registry of freemen of York,J, William Farar, was chaplain and charter witness in 1491, Scotland. John Farar was recorded in Inverness in 1559. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. Thomas Fayrhar was documented as having had lease of part of the lands of Craigmakeran in 1585. At Hoxne in County Suffolk, a Dinah Farrer signed the marriage register in 1835. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.

Source for above COA and verbiage is: http://www.4crests.com/farrar-coat-of-arms.html

The subsidy rolls of Halifax for 1379 (Poll tax of 1377) record a fferror&uxor (Ferror and wife) in the household of a Johannes Hellistones (John Elliston(e) ) in Eland (Elland) Halifax Parish, Morley Wapentake, Yorkshire.  Wills of Yorkshire record a Henry Fareher, and his son Brian Fairher,

John Ferror a littestar (litster or lister aka dyer of wool) listed as a freeman of York in the Register of Freemen of York 1399-1413.

The visitation of Westmoreland for 1634 has the household of  Fairers (starting with William Fairer of Shapp Grange, Westmoreland) whose armoral bearings, (coat of arms) is virtually identical to that of John Ferrar, father of William Ferrar the immigrant. Which are similar to the coat of arms for Bishop Robert Ferrar, the Farrers in the Visitation of London.

The spelling of Farrar occurs sporadicially in England after the 17th Century, but is usually spelled Ferrar or Farrer. 

William who migrated to Virginia in 1618 is spelled fferrar in the Jamestown Muster of 1624/25, also spelled Ferrer in one record, and his son William II was spelled Ferrar in documents.

As the family migrated out of the James River, some lineages fell into illiteracy because the father died before the children could be tutored.  Education (tutoring) was the financial and personal responsibility of the father. If a father died while the children were still untutored, it became a custom, especially in the south for a relative or family friend to take over guardianship of the child, and often the child so placed served as a servant.

As a consequence, many of the family, whose father died while they were untutored, had not the ability to spell their own name, nor were pronunciations entirely correct or properly interpreted, hence some Farrars came to be spelled,for a period of time, Farrow.

On the other hand some Farrows, subsequently,  especially after migrating to America had their names spelled Farrar

DNA sorts them out. The Virginia Farrars belong to haplogroup R1a1a1b2, SNP Z93+, Z94-, YP1451-, YP1506- In other words Z93 terminal, this includes the descendants of Abraham Farrow of Stafford County, VA born 1653 in Staindrop, Durham, England.

The Abraham Farrows and William Farrar descendants share DNA but at a genetic distance of 4-6, which places their common ancestor somewhere in Northumbria circa 675 ybp + or - 100 years. At the time of Alfred the Great there were the Kingdoms of Northumbria, Mercia, Anglia and Wessex.

Alfred the Great united England under one Kingdom. The previous Kingdoms became Earldoms, by the time of the conquest. there was the Earldom of Northumbria ruled by Morcar Aelfgarson, who had displaced Tostig Godwinson, Mercia ruled by Aedwin Aelfgarson and Wessex ruled by Harold Godwinson, with Edwad the Confessor as King of all England, he being the last English King

After the conquest Saxon earldoms were broken up and Norman Barons were given fief over them.  Subsequently, and the process continued up to 1996, County formation continued.  Northumbria was comprised of what are now the northern counties of Northumbria, Durham, Yorkshire and Lancashire, as well as the southern part of south east Scotland up to Edinburgh

There exists persons surnamed Ferror, Ferrour even Farrar who lived in Norwhich, Norfolk during and after the reign of Henry VIII and records exist of them as freemen.

To date there are two descendants of a John Farrow who migrated from Hingham, England to Massachussetts and died in Hingham, Mass. They spell their names Farrar today, but they belong to haplogroup I1 which is Viking or Saxon.

There are some Farrars and a Farrow who belong to hg R1b1a2a1a1b1 whom are descended from an Alpine Celtic male of the LA TÈNE culture near Hallstadt, Austria, more than likely they can trace their ancestry to the iron ore counties in the east of England, where the occupation of a ferror or farrier was common.

The records indicate that there were at least five different Farrar's that migrated to the colonies and the subsequent United States of America between 1618 and 1820. The earliest was William Farrar who arrivedboard the Neptune in 1618.

There was a Robert Farrar who arrived in Virginia aboard the Transport of London in 1635. 

A George Farrar who was transported to Virginia as one of the 90 headrights for which John Prosser received a land patent of 4,892 acres on On Oct 8, 1665

A Phillip Farrar, who was transported to Virginia by John Cary, who received 8 headrights, for a land patent of 400 acres on Feb 23, 1663

Wm Farra (sic) one of 14 pers transported by William Yarrett and Francis Whittington, for which they received 660 Acres North side of Rappa. River on Jul 29, 1650

Ann Farrar was on of 26 persons transported by Edward Bland, for which he received 1,300 acres on Mar 10, 1647

There are records of a John Farrar who arrived in New York just before 1820 and there are the New England Farrar'sdescendants of Jacob and George Farrar, scions of the Yorkshire Farrar's, and a cousin line to the Virginia Farrar's. Both of these lines (New England and Virginia) had a patriarch name of Henry who marriedan Agnes. There was Henry Farrar who married Agnes Barcroft, he left a will in 1541 that named his son Brian as beneficiary to his clothier business and his booth at St Bartholemew's Fair in London. Brian married a Margaret Lacy and the descendants of this Henry migrated to Massachussetts before 1700.

Then there was Thomas Farrar, 1620 sentence to Virginia by the court of Bridewell..

1624 dead at Elizabeth City, John Farrar, and there are stories like Finding Thomas Farrar

There are Virginia Farrows, whose patriarch was Abraham Farrow of Prince William Co, who lived circa 1730. His descendants share the same DNA as those descended from William Farrar of Virginia, however their common ancestor lived hundreds of years previous in England.

Then there are the New England Farrows, current spelling Farrar, their ancestor was John Farrow of Hingham, Norfolk, England who died in Hingham, Middlesex, Massachussetts. They belong to haplogroup I1, either Saxon or Viking.

Then there are the New Jersey-Pennsylvania Farrars, it is possible that these people contributed to the migration south to Natchez, Mississippi and are known as The Jersey Settlers. There are two families of this group in the Farrar DNA project and they belong to haplogroup R1b1.. There American Patriarch is James Farrar of NJ, recorded in 1730.

The Farrow's of the south were mostly found in the coastal counties of North Carolina, like Currituck and Chowan. Farrow is a common name amongst the Lumbee's of North Carolina and is a name that is eligible, along with a historical prescence in the coastal counties for membership in the Lumbee's DNA project.

The Lumbee (Cheraw) tribe was of Danville, VA, In 1703 they departed VA for Cheraw District, now Chesterfield Co, SC, and are now found in Robeson and surrounding counties of NC. They were a refugee for escaping slaves and as a result much African (E-M2) DNA are found in the tribe.

While apparently the modal Farrar DNA is R1a1, aka Kurgan (so named for it's origin in the kurgans of Russia, the burial tumuli of the Scythians located between the Caspian and Black Sea, it is also known as Viking DNA because it was spread around the British Isles, France and the low lands by the Vikings. But the Yorkshire Farrars are not of Viking Origin, at least not new Norse (Norwegian)

However there are many origins for the name, including derivatives of iron worker from the latin ferre. And there is even a Glen Strathfarrar (Farrar River) in the highlands of Scotland. A short winding river. The name is derived from the Pictish Var -"to wind", which the Romans called Varrar. However Pictish/Celtic DNA is R1b1b2, not R1a1.

There are two Viking versions of the DNA. One is Norwegian (new Norse), the other Swedish/Danish (old Norse), The Norwegian DNA continued to mutate after the split. The Norwegian DNA is marked by DNA Y Segments (DYS) of YCAII a and b of 19 and 21, the Danish, Swedish (and Slavic) is YCAII a and b of 19 /23.

YCAII=19-23  is also Slavic, Scythian/Sarmatian. This DNA (SNP Z93) has been found in the Tarim/Tocharian Mummies of in the Uygher area of Xingjiang province, NW China, preserved mummies show weaved tartans and red hair.

Most of the Farrar participants Lineage 1  are 19 and 23, thus indicating a Danish Viking or Sarmatian origin which could denote Norman Ancestry, see the Wiki article on Rollo, or descent from the Danish Vikingsich settled in England before the Norman invasion. However Aethelred the Unready wiped out the Danes living in the Daneslaw, when he unleashed the St Brices Day Massacre in 1002, 64 years before the Viking Conquest.

The Invasion force of William the Conqueror was comprised of Bretons on his left flank,  mounted Normans or those who claimed to be Norman in the Center and "Franks" on his right flank. In reality, the Barons who owed fealty to William were loathe to supply men and arms as there was fear of attack from the France and Burgundy, but they did supply gold and silver, by plundering the churches and monasteries, subsequently replaced by Saxon gold and silver.  

William had no choice but to recruit mercenaries from Vikings, Poles, Lithuanians, Latvians,  even Moors showed up. A rag tag army which he trained and drilled. 

After Hastings, the Saxon earls of Northumbria (Morcar) and Mercia (Aedwin) pledged fealty to William, which on discovery of the Domesday Survey (a document on which William was to base his taxing) they rebelled. William then set about Harrying the North, it is said that over 100,000 people died in Northumbria and Mercia. The soldiers doing the Harrying were of course the force that he had employed in the conquest and bolstered by recruits from the conquered Saxons and Celts.

That is another avenue by which this unique DNA entered Yorkshire. For Northumbria then included what are today counties Durham and Yorkshire.

In the ancient world, an army would murder, rape and plunder it's way through the opposing countryside. Rape was common place, and considered payment for services, along with any plunder that could be obtained.

Another option is, since R1a1, is also prominent amongst Serbs and other Slavs is that these Farrar's are descendants of Sarmatian or Batavian cavalry men who served as auxillaries in the Legus Roman Sextus Victrix (6th Roman Legion) stationed out of York, these were conscripts and descendantss of conscripts of the 4,500 mounted Sarmatians that were contributed by treaty from the Iazyge, a Sarmatian tribe, that was defeated by Rome, another 1,000 were stationed along the Rhine, and could have had descendants that migrated into northern France, Germany Friesland and Denmark

Another possibility is that the DNA entered England in the army of William in 1066.

The Roman praetor Aetitius gave permission to the Alani (a Sarmatian) tribe to settle around Orleans, the Celtic inhabitants were not paying their taxes, and his was a move to increase revenues and punish the recalcitrant Celts (such displacements were accompanied by violence)

There was not enough land for all of the Alani to settle around Orleans, so a portion of them petitoned for permission to settle in Armorica, subseqently Brittany, the local Bishop, beset with cries for mercy from his parishioners, asked Aetitius to withdraw his permission, but too late, the deed was done.  There were a number of Sarmatian praefects in France, including a large one around Amiens. In 1973 a richly furnished Sarmatian grave was excavated in Ariens France.


With about 500 years from the time of the settlement of the Alani in Armorica to the Norman conquest of England, the Alani DNA would have spread far and wide from Bretony to Belgium

There is another possibility in the form of Alan Rufus (Alan the Red) Alan and similar names, are indicative of Alani influence and ancestry.  After the rebellion of Aedwin and Morcar was put down by Harrying the North, William parceled out all lands previously held by Saxons and Danes to Normans. The new aristocracy in England was predominately of Norman extraction; however, one exception was that of Alan Rufus, a trusted Breton lord, who obtained in 1069–1071 a substantial fiefdom in North Yorkshire

Brittany , was in Roman times, known as Armorica, and subsequent to the Saxon invasion of England, became the new home of the Brittons who fled the Saxons, hence the name Brittany.

The Alani, who were unable to secure their own land around Orleans, petitioned the praetor Aetius for new land in which to settle, and he authorized their settlement in Armorica (Brittany). Of course to settle occupied land means that the inhabitants must be displaced and not gently, rape, pillage, plunder, murder being de jure.

Alan is a common given and place name in areas of Alani settlement And it is not a stretch to hypothesize that Alan Rufus was of Alani ancestry, and because his fiefdom was in Richmond, north Yorkshire,  and that these Lords of the manor had the right to take the bride on the first night of her marriage (The Right of First Night) not to mention the inability of freemen and serfs to oppose or contest his desires amongst their women folk, they obviously spread their DNA around their seat of power.

Farrar DNA, the R1a1a1b2 variant, stretches from Perthshire in Scotland to Yorkshire, Lancashire and Westmoreland and that includes Northumberland, and Durham.. (areas once known during the Saxon rule, after Alfred the Great) as Northumbria.

Thus there is a possibility, that Alan the Rufus was a descendant of an Alani who had settled in Armorica (Brittany), and as a loyal member of Williams band was given a fiefdom in north Yorkshire, and is the biological progenitor of the Farrar/Farrer/Ferrar/Ferror line of the north, as opposed to the Saxon/Viking or aboriginal Brit lines of the south and east of England.

 

Not all Sarmatians had R1a1a DNA.

There is a member of the project, who is not a Farrar but who shares the DNA, R1a1a1b2 Z-93, they live in Salerno, Italy and the family has been there for at least 1,000 years. Salerno was invaded and conquered by the Norman Robert Guiscard about the time that William invaded England,  in 1073. 

This happenstance could well indicate that the Farrars of Yorkshire/Northumbria/Durham share a common ancestor with the R1a1a1b2's of Italy..namely a Norman.

There are, of course,DNA mismatches, Farrar's with DNA other than R1a1 and non Farrars with "Farrar DNA" This can happen for many reasons such as an adoption or false paternity event, or the surname itself may have been changed, just to name a few possibilities as well as arbitrary surname designations dictated by the Norman enumerators in the Domesday book (1070).

Y-DNA also can come in handy if a surname has changed through adoption or the assimilation process (for instance,Italian ancestors changed their last name from Colucci to Colucy, and from Ferraro to Farrar). "There are people who do share a common DNA origin, but they don’t share a surname," says Scott Woodward, executive director of the Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation. Say your great-grandfather was adopted. If you found someone whose Y-DNA matched the Y-DNA of your great-grandfather’s male descendants, then you might make some headway in identifying your great-grandfather’s biological parents.

Since a woman doesn’t have a Y chromosome, she must turn to someone with the same Y-DNA as her biological father to trace her paternal lineage. That means her father, brother, uncle (on her father’s side) or male cousin (the son of the father’s brother) would need to take the test. My mothers maiden name is Markland If I wanted to participate in a Markland surname study, I’d have to find a known Markland male relative, to take the Y-DNA test. I’d then compare the results to those of men in the study. Unfortunately that option no longer exists, as my uncle Harry Markland died a few years ago, and his two sons preceeded him, and I know of no other males related to my grandfather Holmes Kurn Markland.

To assist those interested in the origin of their surname and its distriubtion in the British Isles

I recommend http://www.gbnames.publicprofiler.org.uk be sure to choose the 1881 census map for a more accurate distribution of your surname.

The latest DNA finding is that the Farrars of Lineage 1 or rather who trace their ancestry to Henry Farrar/Ferror of Ewood whose will was proved 1549 are of Scythian/Sarmatian ancestry or Hungarian by virtue of having tested positive for the Eurasian SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism) Z93.  This SNP was not found in populations of western Europe or Great Britain until the testing of the Farrar DNA project, and there are cousins, so far of the Farrows,Evans, Wilson, Douglass and English surnames all of whom seem to share a common ancestor with the Farrars in the century following the Norman Conquest of England 

A possible first English ancestor could have been in the entourage of Edward the Exile, nephew of Edward the Confessor. Edward the Exile was sent off to Sweden by Cnute who had conquered Wessex, ostensibly to be murdered, however he was sent for safety to the court of Hungary where he achieved manhood, married and had two children, Edgar the aetheling (heir) and Margaret.

On learning that Edward the Exile was still alive, the Confessor sent and invitation to return to England, if he refused he would have been targeted by assassins as his loyalty to the Crown would have been suspect.

He returned in 1056 with his infant children, but died on the road to London. His children were taken into the court of Edward the Confessor, and subsequently Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria, whose seat was in York, became their guardian. It was his intention to have Edgar crowned King on the death of Edward the Confessor who was dying of diabetes mellitus.

Edgar aetheling had not the wealth or following to effect a claim on the crown on the death of Edward the Confessor. The claim was subsequently made by Harold Godwinson, brother of Tostig, Harald Hrdrata of Denmark and Quillaume le betard, Duke of Normandy.

Tostig died shortly after the conquest in 1066 at the battle of Stamford Bridge, it was he who invited Harald Hrdrata was defeated at the battle of Stamford bridge by Harold Godwinson and Harold was in turn defeated by Quillaume le betard conqueratnt at Hastings in Oct 1066

Edgar the aetheling (heir) was voted King, by the Saxon Witenagemot, after the defeat of Harold at Hastings, but as the Normans advanced on London, the power brokers, like Aediwn and Morcar of Mercia, as well as the Bishop of London, petitioned for peace with William. Edgar who had not yet been crowned vacated his claim.William took Edgar hostage, and back to Normandy with him, then returned with them to England.  At that point Edgar and his sister Margaret fled to York, Northumbria, for then there was no county York or Yorkshire, and the safety of Earl of Northumbria, Morcar.

After the battle had exhausted his resources, Williamwas unable to continue to prosecute the conquest upon the Saxon Earls of Mercia (Aedwin) and Northumbria (Morcar), but using the psychological advantage of his victory he was able to obtain a pledge of fealty from Aedwin Aelflgarson earl of Mercia and his brother Morcar Aelflgarson earl of Northumbria.

All was well until William commissioned the Domesday survey, and the obvious intention of the survey being a taxation document, upon learning of the intention of William to tax the earls (Saxon and Norman) on the basis of their wealth (possessions). Aedwin and Morcar recanted their pledge of fealty.William then set about Harrying the North. That is killing people, burning crops and homes, it is said that 100,000 to 200,000 people of the north died of starvation or the sword

Edgar  aetheling and his sister Margaret fled north into Scotland, where Margaret married Malcolm III (MacBeth) , she wqs canonized by Rome and is an ancestress of William of Virginia.

R1a1-Z93 was typical for Malaysian Indians and the Hungarian Roma. Inner and Central Asia is an overlap zone for the R1a1-Z280 and R1a1-Z93 lineages. This pattern implies that an early differentiation zone of R1a1-M198 conceivably occurred somewhere within the Eurasian Steppes or the Middle East and Caucasus region as they lie between South Asia and Eastern Europe. The detection of the Z93 paternal genetic imprint in the Hungarian Roma gene pool is consistent with South Asian ancestry and amends the view that H1a-M82 is their only discernible paternal lineage of Indian http://eurogenes.blogspot.com/2012/10/first-official-attempt-to-divide-r1a1.html

It is hypothesized that the DNA which is (ISOGG) R1a1a1b2, might have arrived in England with the court of Margaret and Edward Aetheling.

Given that Margaret and Edgar were born and raised in Hungary, their native language was Hungarian, and their court included courtiers, servants and hanger on’s from Hungary and most certainly Romani as well.

I date the arrival of Romani in the British Isles from the arrival of Margaret and Edgar Aetheling. This is bolstered by the fact that popular "gypsy" occupations like tinker or tinkler were known in Scotland since 1200 if not sooner.

I have recently learned that Hungarian Roma are also SNP Z94+, and the Farrars are Z94-

The records indicate that there were at least five different Farrar's that migrated to the colonies and the subsequent United States of America between 1618 and 1820. The earliest was William Farrar who arrivedboard the Neptune in 1618.

There was a Robert Farrar who arrived in Virginia aboard the Transport of London in 1635. There are records of a John Farrar who arrived in New York just before 1820 and there are the New England Farrar's descendants of the brothers Jacob and John Farrar, scions of the Yorkshire Farrar's, and a cousin line to the Virginia Farrar's, as well as Thomas Farrar (who was the last person convicted of witchcraft, but pardoned by the Governor.

There was Henry Farrar who married Agnes Barcroft, he was the grandfather of Henry Farrar of Ewood,.he purchased the land of Edward Pyklinton in 1471 and built Ewood Hall in Midgley/Mytholmroyd, Halifax Parish, West Riding Yorkshire

A Henry Farrar who left a will in 1541 that named his son Brian as beneficiary to his clothier business and his booth at St Bartholemew's Fair in London. Brian married a Margaret Lacy.

There was Henry Farrar (Ferror) whose will was proved 1549, of Ewood Hall, his descendants are the Virginia Farrars (William)and the New England (Massachussetts) Farrars, John and Jacob.

Then a Thomas Farrar great great grandson of John Farrar of Elfaburgh, a brother of Henry Farrar of Ewood, who migrated to Massachussetts was convicted of witchcraft and pardoned by Governor Winthrop.. the last person so convicted.

Then there was Thomas Farrar, 1620 sentence to Virginia by the court of Bridewell..

1624 dead at Elizabeth City, John Farrar, and there are stories like Finding Thomas Farrar who arrived in the Carolinas around 1820.

There seemed to be a lot of Farrars emigrating from England to America in the first quarter of the 19th Century through the end of the century.

The Farrow's of the south were mostly found in the coastal counties of North Carolina, like Currituck and Chowan. Farrow is a common name amongst the Lumbee's of North Carolina and is a name that is eligible, along with a historical prescence in the coastal counties for membership in the Lost Colonies DNA project. 

The Lumbee or Cheraw tribe, was originally of Danville, VA but left in 1703 for the Cheraw District of SC, now Chesterfield, they are found today in and around Robeson County, NC and have a large admixture of African DNA, in as much as the swamps in which they made their home was a refuge for run a way slaves.

While apparently the modal DNA is R1a1, aka Kurgan (so named for it's origin in the kurgans of Russia, the burial tumuli of the Scythians located between the Caspian and Black Sea, it is also known as Viking DNA because it was spread around the British Isles, France and the low lands by the Vikings.

However there are many origins for the name, including derivatives of iron worker from the latin ferre. And there is even a Glen Strathfarrar (Farrar River) in the highlands of Scotland. A short winding river. The name is derived from the Pictish Var -"to wind", which the Romans called Varrar. However Pictish/Celtic DNA is R1b1b2, not R1a1.

There are two Viking versions of the DNA. One is Norwegian (new Norse), the other Swedish/Danish (old Norse), The Norwegian DNA continued to mutate after the split. The Norwegian DNA is marked by DNA Y Segments (DYS) of YCAII a and b of 19 and 21, the Danish, Swedish (and Slavic) is YCAII a and b of 19 /23

Most of the Farrar participants Lineage 1 are 19 and 23, thus indicating either a Sarmatian, a Hungarian or  Danish Viking origin which could denote Norman Ancestry, see the Wiki article on Rollo, or descent from the Danish Vikingsich settled in England before the Norman invasion.

Another option is, since R1a1, is also prominent amongst Serbs and other Slavs is that these Farrar's are descendants of Sarmatian or Batavian cavalry men who served as auxillaries in the 9th RomanLegion.

There are, of course, DNA mismatches, Farrar's with DNA other than R1a1 and non Farrars with "Farrar DNA" This can happen for many reasons such as an adoption or false paternity event, or the surname itself may have been changed, just to name a few possibilities as well as arbitrary surname designations dictated by the Norman enumerators in the Domesday book (1070).

Y-DNA also can come in handy if a surname has changed through adoption or the assimilation process (for instance,Italian ancestors changed their last name from Colucci to Colucy, Ferraro to Farrar, there are many Farrars in findagrave.com who are of Italian ancestry whose name was changed at Ellis Island). "There are people who do share a common DNA origin, but they don’t share a surname," says Scott Woodward, executive director of the Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation. Say your great-grandfather was adopted. If you found someone whose Y-DNA matched the Y-DNA of your great-grandfather’s male descendants, then you might make some headway in identifying your great-grandfather’s biological parents.

Since a woman doesn’t have a Y chromosome, she must turn to someone with the same Y-DNA as her biological father to trace her paternal lineage. That means her father, brother, uncle (on her father’s side) or male cousin (the son of the father’s brother) would need to take the test. My mothers maiden name is Markland If I wanted to participate in a Markland surname study, I’d have to find a known Markland male relative, to take the Y-DNA test. I’d then compare the results to those of men in the study. Unfortunately that option no longer exists, as my uncle Harry Markland died a few years ago, and his two sons preceeded him, and I know of no other males related to my grandfather Holmes Kurn Markland.

To assist those interested in the origin of their surname and its distriubtion in the British Isles

I recommend http://www.gbnames.public profiler.org be sure to choose the 1881 census map for a more accurate distribution of your surname.

English Counties http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng

The latest DNA finding is that the Farrars and others  of Lineage 1 or rather who trace their ancestry to Northumbria (Yorkshire/Durham) are possibly of Scythian/Sarmatian ancestry by virtue of having tested positive for the Eurasian SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism) Z93.  This SNP was not found in populations of western Europe or Great Britain until the testing of the Farrar DNA project, and there are cousins, so far of the Farrow, Evans, Wilson, Douglass and English surnames all of whom seem to share a common ancestor with the Farrars in the century following the Norman Conquest of England.

Assuming that Farrar/Farrow and variations are simply a 18-20th Century version of Ferror. And that Ferror is occupational surname given to smiths. Then we would look for frequency of the name where iron deposits are found in England.

These locations are; The Clevelaned District, an area abolished in 1996, between Durham County and north Yorkshire.Froddingham  and Claxby,Lincolnshire, Claxby,Leicester, Northhampton, Gloucester, Somerset, Cornwall, Devon,  Rutland, and Oxford and there is the Weald in South East, England used from the beginning of the iron age to the Romans, closed in 1813.

One would , then, expect to find significant numbers of persons surnamed Farrier, Ferror, Farrar in those locations. In fact the greatest concentration of Farrow's is in Norfolk and Suffolk, that area the Romans called the Saxon Coast. but stretches north into Yorkshire.

The greatest concentration of Farriers is in the easternmost part of Kent, but they are well represented in Yorkshire as well.

In 1881 the surname Farrar was concentrated almost solely in West Riding Yorkshire: http://gbnames.publicprofiler.org/Map.aspx?name=FARRAR&year=1881&altyear=1998&country=GB&type=name

 

By correlating test results and paternal pedigrees, project members can identify their genetic heritage and related families.   Click here to find out how to use the Patriarchs Page or how to contact a pedigree provider.

 
Send your pedigrees for this surname by email to the Project Administrator.  Click the link "Pedigrees" above for instructions.
Earliest known patriarch, for full lineage see pedigrees link

Boots [ftskc012 AT yahoo.com

                          Patriarchs

 
Henry Ferror (Farrar) of Ewood Hall, MIdgley/Mytholmroyd, Halifax Parish, Yorkshsire
  Descendants via William Farrar of Virginia, migrated 1618 on the Neptune
 
   Haplogroup R1a1a1b2 or R-Z93
    William Farrar Kit 147177
    Virginia Tschanz kit 155081
    Edwin Farrar kit N11518
    Christopher Farrar Kit 166796 
   * D Keller kit 144761 maternal line
    Charles O. Farrar 167499
    *Frank E Dean Kit #137169 maternal line
     Tommie Martin Farrar - Kit 171246
    James Augusta Farrar kit 154618
      Jerry Farrar kit 171153
      Jay Farrar kit 177151
      William Halstead kit N62728 maternal line
      David Merricks kit N90380 maternal line
      Terry Varner kit 183285 maternal line
      Harley Ray Farar kit 192288
      Jon Randall Farrar kit 198418
      Gresham Farrar 191631
      Holly Piper Tucker kit N20323 maternal line
      John Senter Farrar kit 192978
      Jerry Wayne Farrar kit 192978
      Herbert Saxby Farrar, Jr kit 210013
      Emory Edward Farrar kit 253403
      J. Max Farrar kit 270082
      Perry Farrar kit 281885
      Justin Farrar kit 286620
      Bruce E Farrar kit 264037
      T.W. Farrar kit 229056
      Donald J Farrar kit 344493
      Charles R Farrar Kit 372511
 
Haplogroup R1a1a.. Viking
      Daniel Farrar kit 142148
 
Haplogroup R1a1a1b2 R-Z93
    Patriarch Abraham Farrow 1653 England, 1735 Stafford Co, VA
      William Henry Houston kit 10385
       Richard P Farrow kit 217462
      William Abner Farrow kit 312265
      
Haplogroup R1a1a1b2 R-Z93 Unknown Patriarch in Yorkshire
     Patriarch is John Farrar, b 1723 Soyland m Sarah Brooke
        Delanti.. not a member of the project
     
     Patriarch Isaac Farrar, b1693-1696  d 1755 in Soyland, Halifax, UK, m Sarah Brooke in 1690
         Mark Farrar Kit 198508
 
Haplogroup R1a1a1b2 R-Z93
    Patriarch Alexander Douglass b. 1735 Perthshire Scotland
      Donald Robert Douglass kit 167830
 
Haplogroup I1 -I-M253
  Patriarch John Farrow, 1608 Hingham, Norfolk, England 1653 Hingham, MA
    Bruce B Farrar kit 222834
    John Farrow kit  N975452
 
Haplogroup I1 I-M253
  Patriarch John Lewis Farrow b 1819 SC d GA 1904  m Margaret Smith b GA c. 1826
     Sammie Newton Farrow Sr Kit 287604
 
Haplogroup R1b1a2a1a1  R-U106
    Patriarch John Farrow b. 1780 Stubby,England
     John A Farrow kit B6040
 
Haplogroup R1b1a2a1a2-R-L2
   Patriarch James Farrar b 1720 England d 1805 Sussex NJ m Cynthia Miller (Wales)
     Mark Farrar kit N29661 
     Barbara Farrar May Kit 221533
 
Haplogroup E1b1a2 -M2
   Patriarch Sam Farrar Sam farrar, 1795, Virgina-1875 Virginia
      Milton Farrar kit 193544
    Unknown Patriarch
     Tony Farrow kit 164288
 
YSearch.org ID's
 
115367  GADYD Ross    
   N11518  FWVM9 Ross    
50058   Ross    
341790   Farrow    
344493   Jason Farrar  
348854   Fluegge    
361921   Paul Farrar  
286620  P9EYC Justin Farrar  
319429  MA58G Ronald Fluegge  
372511   Charles Farrar  
385210   Robert Farrar  
288029   Robert Farrar  
248069   Stanley Farrar April Quinn
248070   Michael Farrar April Quinn
253403   Emory Edward Farrar
264037   Bruce Farrar  
192978   John Farrar April Quinn
212883   Larry Farrar 25 markers
229056   T Farrar   mdonnmill
166796   Christopher Farrar  
167499   Charles Farrar  
169221   David A Davis  
171153   Jerry Farrar 12 markers
171246   Tommie Farrar riley burian
164190   Samuel Ross  
155081   Barto Farrar Virginia Tschanz
142148  GEAJA Daniel Farrar Viking
117682  PUZEQ Larry Walker  
103805  JQ2E4 W H Houston  
226562  NFMKF John Farrar-England adam staines
    H1227 SQXZB Stephen Farrer  
191631   Gresham Farrar  
147177  FRXP4 William Farrar  
192288  V5T2B Harley Ray Farar  
198418  783PM Jon R Farrar  
200932  E4XEY Jerry Farrar  
149349  AM4PJ Charles Evans  
217462  2R9S8 Richard Paul Farrow  
75418  C3MNB Terry Farr    
245803   George Clark  
370294  W559S Ray Grisi of Italy  
270082   James Max Farrar  
312265  4C8P8 William Farrow  
154618   James Augusta Farrar
210013   Herbet Saxby Farrar  
198507  8CUR7 Charles Farrar in England
177151   Jay Farrar    
   N10407  ED3YG Kurt English  
217611   Zhasulan Bersebayev Russia
2923   Jonathan Farrow  
281885   Perrin Farrar  
167830  YYKQH Donald Douglass  
     
  • William Farrar I: B. Croxton, Lincolnshire, Halifax Parish, Yorkshire, England bef 28 Apr 1583. D. Jordans Journey, Henrico Co. Virginia 1635. m. Cecily- Larry C. Walker [clayathome AT hotmail.com] 
  • William Farrar II: B. Jordan's Jorney, Henrico Co, VA, USA 1626. D. Farrars Island, Henrico Co, VA, USA 06 May 1676. m. Mary Baugh
  • Thomas Farrar: B. Farrar Isle, Henrico, VA1665. D. St James Northam, Goochland, VA 12 Jun 1742. m. Katherine Perrin 
  • John Farrar: B. Farrar Isle, VA, USA abt 1692. D. USA. m.Sarah Farmer
  • Richard Farrar: B. Goochland County, VA abt 1746. D. Louisa County, VA abt 1807. m. Susanna Shelton
  • Landon C. Farrar: B. Louisa County, VA abt 1780. D. Davidson County, TN 1828. m. Ann Whitsett Walker
  • Robert Shelton Farrar: B. Davidson County, TN abt 1818. D. abt 1882.  m. Sarah Cade 117682

 


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