Why should you participate? and ......How to  Join a Surname DNA Project ( below)


These two pages have been combined as of April 23,2011.

 

You don't have to be a male Cooper descendant to participate. Women who have an interest in their Cooper family history who know of a male Cooper descendant can participate by encouraging those Cooper's to submit samples for testing.  This may take research of previous generations to identify brothers of your father, grandfather, great-grandfather, etc. and then tracing their lineage down to a living male Cooper.

Even if only two or three generations are known to you, we urge you to submit a DNA sample.

It is important to understand that not all male Cooper descendants need be tested. Generally, only one or two samples from a Cooper-line are sufficient to determine linkage with other Cooper-lines. With larger family groups, additional samples might be needed. The point is that for this project to provide useful results, representative sampling rather than complete testing is sufficient.


What are your expectations?


DNA testing will cause disappointment and frustration to people who have excessive expectations such as discovering legendary American heroes, English royalty or a certain ethnicity in their ancestry.  Keep in mind, your own genealogical research should not be directed at confirming a specific pre-determined notion or discovery of someone with whom you would like to be descended from, but rather direct it towards finding whomever and whatever you can, and be grateful for all of it you can find, and never be disappointed.


It is also important to understand what DNA testing will and will not tell us. If enough people submit test samples to this project, we should begin to see previously unknown linkages between and among Cooper-lines. The test results will not tell us what those relationships are, only that some ancestral relationship probably exists. The different Cooper-lines can then communicate with one another to share information and help fill in the blanks. There is a lot of important information about the Cooper's which has been uncovered. However, much of it is scattered among many researchers. When this information is combined and compared in a meaningful way, real progress in documenting family histories can be made.

You do not have to be an experienced genealogist to participate. Most of us work on our family histories in our spare time as a hobby. We are all researchers, not in the sense of being experienced professionals, but because we seek information about our past. This is good.

Benefits of Participation


●    Break through the brick walls. In some cases DNA test results provide the independent information needed to bolster or deny a questionable ancestral story. We have already had a case of two men discovering by their test results that they are rather closely related prompting them to re-examine the genealogies they have been working on for many years. They found the unnoticed connection. These two men believed they had ancestral linkage but had no proof.

●    Determine ancestral origin. Many Cooper's have wondered about the origins of the Cooper surname. Did all of the various spellings originate from a single Cooper ancestor long ago? Alternatively, are today's various Cooper families descended from different, unrelated ancestors who acquired their surnames from their occupations, geographic locations, or other means? Comparing DNA test results from enough Cooper's offers the possibility of adding new information which might help answer these questions.

●    Define and clarify the entire Cooper ancestry more fully. The Cooper Surname Project was started to allow Cooper researchers to pool their information and benefit from cooperation. Many different lineages have been defined, but they have not been reliably joined by documentary research. The Cooper DNA Project is a new type of cooperative effort, which holds great promise for all of us. As our Cooper Y-DNA  database grows, it will become possible to point to relationships not previously suspected.


●    Prove and disprove familial relationships. Keep in mind a major aspect of DNA testing, it can prove and disprove familial relationships, which could very well save you time in misdirected research and finances.


●    Posterity. One major problem many Y-chromosome researchers in the Cooper Surname Reconstruction Project have run into is Cooper-lines that daughter-out. In these cases researchers find themselves in a dilemma, wondering what to do next.  We strongly encourage male Cooper's who are the last in their Cooper-lines to share their DNA sample so as to leave a history of their Cooper-lines for their descendants.


●    Sharing with other Cooper-lines.  DNA analysis is a tool in research which allows numerous Cooper-lines to come together in a unified force to collectively help each other in their individual research.  Participation in the Cooper Surname Reconstruction Project furthers this effort and acts as a platform to summarize this collective effort.

 

How to  Join a Surname DNA Project

If you have not been DNA tested yet:

If you have already been tested at Family Tree DNA , FTDNA makes it easy for you to join the project (there is no charge to join):

If you were tested at the National Geographic Genographic Project (NGGP): You can transfer yourself, your results and your retained sample to Family Tree DNA.Go to your National Geographic Genographic Project page.

If you were tested at another company: Contact the Project Administrator to find out if your results can be included in the project, and to receive a copy of the table. We encourage you to post your family pedigree on the project's Pedigree Forum for display on the Trees Page. In addition, Family Tree DNA now allows those who have previously tested at another company to retest at FTDNA at a reduced price.  This offer gives you many benefits:

If you want to join a Y-Haplogroup Project:

If you want to join an mtDNA Haplogroup Project:

If you want to join a Geographic Project:

If you've been tested at FTDNA and want to join the National Geographic Genographic Project:

If you want to join more than one project: FTDNA allows each participant to belong to as many as five projects:

Which Surname (yDNA) Test?

What are the specifics?

The test will be conducted by Family Tree DNA, of Houston TX, the World's leading testing company for Surname DNA Projects.  All tests include an estimate of the "Haplogroup" (an indication of deep ancestry).

We personally recommend the largest number of markers that you can afford.   We expect that most serious researchers will eventually upgrade to 37 or 67 markers - if they don't start there.

The test is a simple cheek swab.  The kit will arrive and leave your house by mail.  You simply follow the instructions.  (You'll rub the inside of your cheek a number of times with a special scraper, put the kit back into the envelope, sign the release and put the completed sample in the mail. )

What do I do if I have questions?

1.      Please read DNA Testing the Smart Way at World Families Network.

2.      Please read the Freq Asked Questions at World Families Network.