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Frequently Asked Questions  WFN Results Table is vertically and horizontally scrollable - with freeze frames.   Understanding the WFN Results Table  

FTDNA continues to tweak their "Short Form" Haplogroup estimates and tree - so your FTDNA designation may change.  Thanks to ISOGG for permission to use their "Long Form" Haplogroup names)


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DYS#

Code

Ancestor

Haplo

3 9 3

3 9 0

1 9

3 9 1

3 8 5 a

3 8 5 b

4 2 6

3 8 8

4 3 9

3 8  9  -  1

3 9 2

3 8 9 - 2

4 5 8

4 5 9 a

4 5 9 b

4 5 5

4 5 4

4 4 7

4 3 7

4 4 8

4 4 9

4 6 4 a

4 6 4 b

4 6 4 c

4 6 4 d

4 6 0

G A T A H 4

Y C A II a

Y C A II b

4 5 6

6 0 7

5 7 6

5 7 0

C D Y a

C D Y b

4 4 2

4 3 8

Cardwell Line I

R1b1

12

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

14

29

?

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

17

17

11

12

19

23

15

16

?

17

35

39

12

12

C-23

Thomas of Henrico VA 1683 / John / Thomas L./ John of Webster MO

R1b1b2

12

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

14

29

16

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

17

17

11

12

19

23

15

16

18

17

35

39

12

12

C-21

Thomas of Henrico VA 1683 / George / John / Francis / Thomas W. of Warren Co.TN & TX

R1b1b2

12

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

14

29

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

15

16

19

17

35

12

12

12

C-25

Thomas of Henrico VA 1683 / George / John / Wm. of McNairy Co.TN

R1b1b2

12

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

13

13

14

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C-26

Thomas of Henrico VA 1683/ George / John /Francis / Henry J of Warren Co.TN

R1b1b2

12

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

14

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C-03

James L. Cardwell of Illinois. 1786VA

R1b1b2

12

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

14

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C-30

Thomas of Henrico VA1683 / George /Rev. Perrin / John of Breathitt KY

R1b1b2

12

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

14

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C-01

Thomas of Henrico VA 1683 / George / Rev. Perrin / Thomas George of Knox Co.,TN

R1b1b2

12

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

14

29

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

17

17

11

12

19

23

15

16

19

17

35

39

12

12

C-17

Thomas of Henrico VA 1683 / George / John / Daniel J./ James Calvin of Union Co.TN

R1b1b2

12

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

14

29

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

17

17

11

12

19

23

15

16

19

17

35

39

12

12

C-04 Thomas of Henrico VA 1683/ Richard/ Daniel/ Asa / Daniel Franklin/ John Henry b.1844 Wilkes Co.NC R1b1b2 12 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 14 29

C-13

William Cardwell- VA 1773 - d. Brown Co.IN

R1b1b2h

12

23

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

14

29

18

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

12

19

23

15

15

19

17

35

39

12

12

 

Cardwell Line II

R1b

13

23

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

29

17

9

10

11

11

24

15

19

29

15

16

17

19

11

11

19

23

15

15

17

17

37

40

13

12

C-16

Robert Cardwell - Ireland to VA 1746/7 - James Dixon Cardwell line

R1b

13

23

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

29

17

9

10

11

11

24

15

19

29

15

16

17

18

11

11

19

23

15

15

17

17

37

40

13

12

C-14

Robert Cardwell - Ireland to VA 1746/7 - William Amos Cardwell line

R1b

13

23

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

29

17

9

10

11

11

24

15

19

29

15

16

17

19

11

11

19

23

15

15

17

17

37

40

13

12

C-27

Robert Cardwell - Ireland to VA 1746/7 - Anthony R. Cardwell line

R1b1c

13

23

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

29

16

9

10

11

11

24

15

19

29

15

16

17

19

11

11

19

23

15

15

17

17

37

40

13

12

 

Cardwell Line III

R1b1c

13

23

14

12

11

14

12

12

11

13

13

29

18

9

9

11

11

25

15

19

29

15

15

17

18

11

11

19

22

15

12

16

17

38

40

12

12

C-12

Thomas Cardwell - Dinwiddie Co.,VA d.1782

R1b1c

13

23

14

12

11

14

12

12

11

13

13

29

17

9

9

11

11

25

15

19

29

15

15

16

19

11

11

19

22

15

12

16

17

38

40

12

12

C-06

Thomas Cardwell - b. 1831 - Manchester, England - Charles, b. 1864 Delaware

R1b1c

13

23

14

12

11

14

12

12

11

13

13

30

17

9

9

11

11

25

15

19

29

15

15

17

18

 

 

19

22

15

 

 

 

 

 

12

12

C-22

Thomas Cardwell - of Granville Co.,NC - d. 1799 - William N. of Obion Co.TN

R1b1c

13

23

14

12

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

29

18

9

9

11

11

25

15

19

29

15

15

17

18

11

11

19

22

15

12

16

17

38

41

12

12

C-24

Thomas Cardwell - of Granville Co., NC - Caleb of Montgomery Co. IL

R1b1c

13

23

14

12

11

14

12

12

11

13

13

29

18

9

9

11

11

25

15

19

29

15

15

17

18

11

11

19

22

15

12

16

17

38

40

12

12

C-29

Thomas Cardwell - of Granville Co.,NC - Nelson of Simpson Co., KY

R1b1c

13

23

14

12

11

14

12

12

11

13

13

29

18

9

9

11

11

24

15

19

29

15

15

17

18

11

12

19

22

15

12

17

17

38

40

12

12

 

Cardwell Line VI

R1b1b2

13

24

14

10

11

14

12

12

11

13

15

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C-02

William Cardwell - b. 1758 VA - d.1838 Bullitt Co.KY

R1b1b2

13

24

14

10

11

14

12

12

11

13

15

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NPE Lines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C-20

Noah Cardwell - NC 1796 - NPE - Line IV

R1b1

13

25

14

11

11

13

12

12

12

13

14

29

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

31

15

16

17

17

11

11

19

23

15

16

18

17

38

39

12

12

C-31

Gabriel Cardwell - NC 1803 - NPE - Line V

R1b1

13

24

14

10

11

14

12

12

12

12

14

28

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

17

18

11

11

19

23

16

15

15

17

38

38

12

12

C-08

Richard Ivan Cardwell - Grainger Co,TN 1851- NPE - Line VIII

R1b1

13

24

14

10

11

14

12

12

12

12

14

28

15

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

17

18

11

11

19

23

16

15

15

17

38

38

12

12

C-05

William Henderson Cardwell - b. Grainger Co.TN 1856 - NPE - Line VII

R1b

13

24

14

10

11

15

12

12

12

14

13

30

18

9

10

11

11

25

15

20

29

15

15

17

17

 

 

19

23

18

 

 

 

 

 

17

12

 

NOTE: C-13, C-20, C-22, C-23, C-29 and C-31 were tested for 67 markers. Those results are not posted on this site for display purposes. Contact those individuals for details on their 38-67 marker results.

 

Cardwell Line I

The results from the various tests that have been grouped in Cardwell Line I have provided a solid genetic signature for the descendants of Thomas Cardwell and Martha Perrin. Thomas was born about 1683 in Henrico County, VA. C-23, C-21, C-26, C-25, C-30 and C-01 all have been researched through traditional methods to this couple. All of the stated results indicate a solid connection and provide a standard genetic signature for individuals that descend from this line. Additionally, C-17 has the same genetic signature, but traditional research has not yielded a connection to the established descendants of Thomas Cardwell/Martha Perrin. Also, C-13 is currently grouped in Line I. This is due to the fact that the results indicate a connection to this line that is closer than any of the other established Cardwell Lines. C-03 is now confirmed as Line I and is a pefect 12-marker match for this line.

Cardwell Line II

Testing results have now establshed a solid genetic signature for the line stemming from Robert Cardwell of Campbell County, VA. This line has had three distinct results from lines of three sons of Robert. Traditional research has validated the results as well. Other sons of Robert Cardwell have yet to be tested, but the three results should indicate a very common genetic signature.

Cardwell Line III

The results of C-12 stem from Thomas Cardwell/Obedience Thweatt line of Hailfax County, VA. This line has received a ton of focus through the years from earlier researchers. Often, this line was linked to Thomas Cardwell/Martha Perrin, but the results indicate that this is a completely different line of the Cardwell family. As of October 2008, this is the only test result from this line of the family. The closest match for C-12 is the C-22, C-24, C-29 group. They share a common ancestor within the last 24 generations with a probability of 91%. C-22, C-24, and C-29 results stem from the line of Thomas Cardwell of Granville County, NC. C-05 is one of the results from Ancestry.com’s DNA testing. With that, several of the markers we normally use are missing from the result, but enough are present to allow proper assignment into one of the established lines. C-05’s oldest known ancestor, Thomas Cardwell 1831, was born in Manchester, England and immigrated to Delaware.

Cardwell Line VI

This line indicates a new line genetic signature in the Cardwell DNA Project. William Cardwell, this lines patriarch, was born in 1758 in Virginia. This is validated by William's Revolutionary War Pension Records. He settled in Bullitt County, Kentucky and raised several children. Hopefully, other Cardwell men will test and we'll find a match for this sole result. Granted, it was only a 12 marker test, but the nearest match within the Cardwell DNA Project is removed by 4 markers, which indicates a substanial difference from the other established Cardwell Lines.

NPE Lines (Lines IV, V, VII and VIII)

Line IV is of interest to several Cardwell researchers. Anne Cardwell, born 10 Dec 1773, appears to have had several children out-of-wedlock. One of them being Noah Cardwell, born ca 1796, who has proven to be the ancestor of C-20. DNA testing is pointing to a member of the Dalton family as being the father of Noah. This find is interesting since Anne Cardwell's mother, Rebecca, has been reported by some researchers as being a Dalton prior to her marriage to Richard Perrin Cardwell. More research is needed, but this is the most solid link for this line to date.

Line V was predicted through paper research to be a NPE. The test results confirm that assumption with no matches to the established Cardwell DNA lines thus identified. Gabreil Cardwell was the son of Susannah Cardwell of Rockingham County, NC. She was the daughter of Richard Perrin Cardwell and had several children out-of-wedlock. Gabriel's line is the only one tested as of April 2008. The results indicate a strong genetic association with the Sharp family. This is also vindicated with the results of C-08, which are from another NPE. Matilda Cardwell (1834-1904) is from a different branch of the family and can no way be linked to Gabreil's line, reverted back to her maiden name after the Civil War. Her children all carried the Cardwell surname, as do their descendants. Results from this project indicate that at least two of her sons had different fathers. Richard Ivan Cardwell (C-08) does not have a similar genetic signature as William Henderson Cardwell (C-05), both are sons of Caroline Matilda Cardwell. Richard Ivan Cardwell's line result indicate a strong genetic association with the Sharp family as well. It should be noted that two of Caroline Matilda Cardwell's sisters married Sharp brothers in Rockingham County, NC. Richard Ivan Cardwell's line is known as Line VIII. The close association between Line V and Line VIII indiciate the strong genetic association with the Sharp family and does not relect an association between the two Cardwell lines.

Line VI was predicted through paper research to be a NPE. Test results confrim that assumption with no matches to any of the established Cardwell DNA lines thus identified. William Henderson Cardwell was the son of Caroline Matilda "Tilda" Cardwell of Grainger County, TN. She was the daughter of Richard M. Cardwell and Sarah Crowder and it appears that William, along with his siblings, took his mother's maiden name. Research is being conducted to confirm the assumption that William's father was Alfred Reddick, who Matilda was married to for a short time. The DNA testing was conducted through Ancestry.com, not FamilyTreeDNA, so several of the markers are missing from the results since the two companies do not test the exact same markers.


To make a contribution to your project's Group General Fund to help pay for testing for targeted individuals, click here:  http://www.familytreedna.com/group-general-fund-contribution.aspx

Individual Project Administrators may present the results in another way.  Please contact your Project Administrator if you have questions about the results.
For information on the whole process of DNA testing, please see our step-by-step guide DNA the Smart Way

 

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