Notes for understanding results:
- The first column is "ID", which is a number assigned to track the individual within the project.
- The "Name" column is intended to list the "Earliest Known Ancestor" - which we prefer. If we can't find this in the field in "Preferences" or through a pedigree, we shorten the first names to initials. (Some admins will state "Not Provided" when there is no Earliest Known Ancestor
- Haplogroups (abbreviated as "Haplo" in the Results table):
- A Green Haplogroup result was determined by actual testing - with a SNP test (pronounced "snip")
- A Red Haplogroup result has been estimated by FTDNA - using their internal database.
- A Black Haplogroup estimate was determined by some other estimating procedure
- Sometimes, there is no haplogroup estimate - which is shown with a "-". In those cases, FTDNA will (at their expense - and on their own timetable) arrange for a SNP test to determine the haplogroup
- A Lineage is "declared" when two men are matching 23/25 or better. A "Lineage" is a genetic family who share a "recent" common ancestor. The men in the Lineage "match".
- Results shown together in a color group and assigned to a Lineage share a "recent" common ancestor - generally since the advent of surnames (c1100) and probably in the last 2-400 years - or even less. The common ancestor could be the earliest ancestor on the oldest pedigree or could have lived as little as one generation earlier - or could have lived centuries earlier than any of the known ancestors.
- The coloration of a Lineage is simply to show matching. A specific color has no meaning - other than showing the match.
- Mutations from the typical result (which is probably the haplotype of the common ancestor) are shown in a contrasting color.
- Where the mutation is matching a mutation from another result within the Lineage, the match likely indicates a more recent shared common ancestor (or a "branch" within the Lineage.) - as the two men probably both inherited the mutation from a recent common ancestor.
- Mutations with no match have no significance at this time- but may be useful at some future date.
- For general information on Results