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We operate a discussion and collaboration website for Craddock’s and their descendants; it is highly recommended that you check this site out if you have not done so already.
 
 
This study tests for a specific allele value on Auotsomal DNA marker D9S919 (Native American Marker) among the descendants of any surname who have a Craddock Ancestor who does not belong to the Welsh Craddock line (descendants related to the ancestors of the well known William Craddock of Amelia Co VA).
 

 Current Project Pending/Posted Stats

# Particpants # D9S919 Pending D9S919 Posted Codis Pending Codis/Omnipop Posted
1 0 1 0 1
See Patriarchs page for actual DNA result info
 
Currently we need 1 person with the Craddock surname who does not belong to the Welsh Craddock DNA line and is not a decendant of Isham Craddock of Patrick County, VA to do a Autosomal CODIS Panel 1 so we can check for Native American in the Admixture using OMNIPOP 200.1
   

Purpose:
  • To evaluate the degree of Native American relations that might have occurred with the Appalachia Craddock’s DNA lines prior to the 1800’s.
  • To determine whether Isham Craddock of Patrick County VA was potentially a Native America descendant.
  • To determine whether other non-Welsh Craddock lines have Native American ancestry.
At present all we know is an abundance of information has been found that is highly suggestive (let me repeat that 'suggestive') that this DNA line has some thing to do with the Indians who might have been descendants of the Lost Colony of Roanoke.
 
With this study we are attempting to gather some statistical evidence by which to weight just how long ago this may have occurred.
 

Limitations of this study:
  • With each generation the ability to detect this marker is cut in half, one more generation and the ability to do this study may become lost, time is working against this project so if you qualify to participate please do so now.
  • With any one participant there may be only a 1.5 to 3.0 percent chance of finding this marker.
  • Assuming the most distance ancestor was 6-7 generations ago and had 5 children the chance of detecting this marker value among the descendants is between 15 and 25 percent. Therefore a large number of participants are needed.
  • Finding this marker value on one descendant of a common ancestor is all that is needed to know Native American ancestry exists in that line. 

Definitions:
  • Welsh Craddock line; known descendants of the “Well know William Craddock of Amelia County VA” or those who have a Craddock ancestor that matches the Welsh line by Y-DNA.
  • Appalachia Craddock line; known descendants of “Isham Craddock of Patrick County VA”,  or those who have a Craddock ancestor that matches the Appalachia line by Y-DNA. Persons with ancestors of unknown or untraceable Craddock have a higher likelihood of belonging to this line. Persons who have Craddock ancestors who immigrated after the year 1800 are excluded.
  • D9S919 (used to be called D9S1120) is an autosomal STR marker on Chromosome 9, current statistics indicate that a specific allele value exists in 36 percent of Native Americans (always passed down if both parents have it) and may be passed down to descendants who have a Native American in their ancestry. For more info Click Here. The D9S919 marker is considered evidence by some scientists doing pre-clovis research that the American Indians ultimately descended from one population group.

History:
  • Information was received in the course of research that indicated that Frances the mate of Isham Craddock of Patrick County VA was an Indian.
  • An autosomal DNA test was done to rule out if this was possibly true, the results were compared using OMNIPOP 200.1 which indicated the likely presence of Lumbee and Michigan Native American in the admixture which is what we were told to expect by DNA Consultants.
  • Y-DNA Test results came back for a Craddock surname descendant of Isham Craddock of Patrick County VA, that indicated the Y-DNA did not match the Craddock descendant of the Welsh line, it was at this point we labeled the two DNA lines WELSH and APPALACHIA respectively.
  • Treasury warrants issued for Isham Craddock and John Goins (a known Lumbee Indian descendant) were issued on the same day of June 28, 1782 and were adjacent properties.
  • Complexion analysis of Army Enlistment records dating back to the late 1700’s indicated that all the Welsh Craddock line descendants had “fair” skin” while the descendants of Isham Craddock of Patrick County VA  had a range of “Fair”, “Ruddy”, “Dark” and “Copper”, but mostly “ruddy” was found.
  • The sons of Isham Craddock of Patrick County show up on Richard Hitchcock’s list of Saponi Indian descendants.
  • Color pictures of Rhoda Thompson nee Johnson and her daughter who is an Isham Craddock of Patrick County VA descendant show a slight ruddy complexion.
  • There is a Craddock in the Dawes Roles of Native American’s.
  • There is a Craddock buried in a Lumbee Cemetery in Pembroke, North Carolina. 

Theory:
  • An abundance of evidence exists that suggest that Native American blood exists in descendants of Isham Craddock of Patrick County who is assigned to the Appalachia Craddock DNA line by Y-DNA results.
  • There are many Craddock lines in North Carolina that appear to be untraceable, much like the Isham Craddock line of Patrick County that led to this study. This study assumes that many of those lines might be related to the Patrick County Virginia Line.
  • Frances Craddock the mate of Isham Craddock might have been Frances Goin a daughter of John Goin, a known Lumbee Indian descendant but she was not included in the 1801 Will of John Goins likely because she died before 1800 and was therefore already dead.
  • The origin of Isham Craddock of Patrick County  is unknown, it is possible he might also have been a Lumbee Indian descendant, this study is aimed at determining whether Frances his mate was the only Native American Indian source of Admixture in his line or whether Isham himself had Indian blood that was proceeded by many generations. The former thus establishing a higher likelihood the Craddock name existed among the lost colony descendants in some form, possibly introduced by relations.
  • It is possible that relations occurred with some of the few Craddock’s who arrived in the 1600’s, a Craddock Will record exists which is dated in 1685 in the area that is within a few miles of where the lost colony history began.
  • It is possible that some descendants of “Humphrey Newton” who is on the list of Lost Colonists may have resumed the former surname of Craddock, evidence exists that indicates that Newton’s of the time were well aware of their surname heritage where the Newton surname used to be Craddock. 

If you have the Craddock surname:
  • You know that you’re a descendant of the Welsh line then join the Craddock Y-DNA Study, this particular study won’t apply to you.
  • You do not know whether you’re a descendant of the Welsh or the Appalachia Craddock line please join this study as well as join the Craddock Y-DNA Study (required) and do a 12-marker Y-DNA test, you will be notified as to which group your DNA results indicate you belong too. If your results not match the established Appalachia Craddock’s DNA profile you will be removed from this study as it will not apply to you. However if your results do match then you will need to order the D9S919 test which this study depends on. 
If you do not have the Craddock surname:
  • You know you have a Craddock ancestor who is not related to the Welsh Craddock then join this study and order the D9S919 Test.
  • You do not know whether you’re a descendant of the Welsh or the Appalachia Craddock line please join this study and order the D9S919 Test.
  • If your only Craddock ancestor is related to the Welsh Craddock line then this study does not apply to you.
If you are unsure: 
  • Contact us using the links below so we can assist you in this regard.

Joining this study and the Craddock Y-DNA Study and/or Ordering tests: 

Privacy Notice: 
  • Because we are working with autosomal DNA only the statistical results from this study will be posted here. No marker values will be posted or provided. 
  • Completely anonymous testing is permitted under this study, just send us your pedigree info showing your Craddock Ancestry from 1900-1930's backwards and the allele value of your D9S919 test. 

Acknowledgements:

  • Many thanks go to Roberta Estes, a consultant on the Lost Colony Project for her technical feedback and information on this project and its associated lines of research.
  • Many thanks go to Steven Craddock of the Craddock Y-DNA Study for time and efforts in conducting the Craddock Y-DNA Study.

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