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Author Topic: Ancient Y-DNA and mt-DNA study from Sudan  (Read 1636 times)
JeanL
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« on: September 18, 2012, 02:23:19 PM »

http://etd2.uofk.edu/content/html/pdf/en/en.4312.pdf

Quote from: University of Khartoum

The area known today as Sudan may have been the scene of pivotal human evolutionary events, both as a corridor for ancient and modern migrations, as well as the venue of crucial past cultural evolution. Several questions pertaining to the pattern of succession of the different groups in early Sudan have been raised. To shed light on these aspects, ancient DNA (aDNA) and present DNA collection were made and studied using Y-chromosome markers for aDNA, and Y-chromosome and mtDNA markers for present DNA. Bone samples from different skeletal elements of burial sites from Neolithic, Meroitic, Post-Meroitic and Christian periods in Sudan were collected from Sudan National Museum. aDNA extraction was successful in 35 out of 76 samples, PCR was performed for sex determination using Amelogenin marker. Fourteen samples were females and 19 were males. To generate Y-chromosome specific haplogroups A-M13, B-M60, F-M89 and Y Alu Polymorphism (YAP) markers, which define the deep ancestral haplotypes in the phylogenetic tree of Y-chromosome were used. Haplogroups A-M13 was found at high frequencies among Neolithic samples. Haplogroup F-M89 and YAP appeared to be more frequent among Meroitic, Post-Meroitic and Christian periods. Haplogroup B-M60 was not observed in the sample analyzed.
« Last Edit: September 18, 2012, 02:25:21 PM by JeanL » Logged
Maliclavelli
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« Reply #1 on: September 19, 2012, 09:31:00 AM »

Very interesting: “Y-chromosome analysis shows Sudanese populations falling into haplogroups A,B, E, F, I, J, K, and R in frequencies of 16.9, 8.1, 34.2, 3.1, 1.3, 22.5, 0.9, and 13% respectively. Haplogroups A, B, and E occur mainly in Nilo-Saharan speaking groups including Nilotics, Fur, Borgu, and Masalit; whereas haplogroups F, I, J, K, and R are more frequent among Afro-Asiatic speaking groups including Arabs, Beja, Copts, and Hausa, and Niger-Congo speakers from the Fulani ethnic group”.

R is probably R-V88+ and subclades and probably it wasn’t present in aDNA.


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Maliclavelli


YDNA: R-S12460


MtDNA: K1a1b1e

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