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Author Topic: Gaelic Ireland and the Gaels of Scotland  (Read 3671 times)
Mary Lee Becker
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« on: August 09, 2008, 10:39:15 PM »

From "The Surnames of Ireland," Sixth Edition, Edward MacLysaght:

pg. x
  "I have used the word Gaelic, and this perhaps need clarification. To many people unfamiliar with Ireland this word denotes a language once widely spoken in the Highlands of Scotland and still extant there. In Ireland when speaking English we call the Gaelic language 'Irish', though in Irish the word is, in the modern spelling, Gaeilge. As an adjective, however, 'Gaelic' is used to denote the race which has inhabited Ireland since prehistoric times. Scottish Gaelic is basically the same as the Irish language, of which it is an offshoot. The fact that the Gaels of Scotland are the descendants of Gaelic settlers from Ireland seems not to be generally known, though Scotland got its name from them, the word Scotus being the Latin for Irishman, as exemplified in the name of the famous ninth century Irish philosopher, Johannes Scotus Eriugena."

[Note from Oriel Project admin. Mary Becker: So we should be expecting to see some level of matching on
their Y-DNA between Highland Scot Gael descendants and the descendants of the Gaelic Irish.]

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Mary Lee Becker
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« Reply #1 on: August 10, 2008, 04:32:26 AM »

What Edward MacLysaght is referring to is, I believe, the expansion of Dal Riata.

From "The Catholics of Ulster: A History," Marianne Elliott, pub.  Basic Books, New York, NY. 2001

pg. 17
"4. Dynastic changes: eighth-twelfth centuries:
  The period witnesses constant pressure by ascending dynasties on older or declining ones. It was this pressure which was behind the expansion of Dal Riata into Scotland in the fifth century..."
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