The Annals of the Four Masters
“Foreign names and the foreigners”
Eochaidh Uaircheas, after having been twelve years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by the sons of Congall: i.e. Eochaidh and Conaing.
The Age of the World, 4357.
The first year of the two sons of Congal Cosgarach (son of Duach Teamrach), son of Muireadhach Bolgrach, namely, Eochaidh Fiadhmuine and Conaing Begeaglach, over Ireland; the south of Ireland belonging to Eochaidh, and the north to Conaing.
The Age of the World, 4361.
After Eochaidh Fiadhmuine and Conaing Begeaglach had been five years in the joint sovereignty of Ireland, Eochaidh fell by Lughaidh Laimhdhearg, son of Eochaidh Uaircheas, and the sovereignty was wrested from Conaing.
The Age of the World, 4362.
The first year of Lughaidh Laimhdhearg, son of Eochaidh Uaircheas, in the sovereignty of Ireland.
The Age of the World, 4368.
The seventh of Lughaidh in the sovereignty of Ireland, when he fell by Conaing, son of Congal.
The Age of the World, 4388.
After Conaing Begeaglach had been twenty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell by Art, son of Lughaidh. He was called Conaing Begeaglach, because he was never seized with fear of any one while he lived.
The Age of Christ, 528.
The first year of Tuathal Maelgarbh, son of Cormac Caech, son of Cairbre, son of Niall, in the sovereignty of Ireland.
The battle of Luachair Mor between the two Invers, which is called the battle of Ailbhe, in Breagh, by Tuathal Maelgarbh, against the Cianachta of Meath.
The Age of Christ, 531.
The fourth year of Tuathal.
The Age of Christ, 559.
The first year of the two sons of Muircheartach, son of Muireadhach, in the kingdom of Ireland, i.e. Domhnall and Fearghus.
The battle of Gabhra Liffe, and the battle of Dumha Aichir, by Domhnall and Fearghus, against the Leinstermen, of which was said:
1. The battle of Gabhra
and the battle of Dumha Achair,
Illustrious men fell in both,
Colgu and his father.
2. The battle of Gabhra
was not a battle with the loss of a man or two hundred;
There fell twenty from Faelan,
from Ailill twenty times twenty.
The Age of Christ, 560.
The second year of Domhnall and Fearghus.
Daimhin Damhairgitr, i.e. Cairbre, died. From him are the Airghialla.
The Age of Christ, 561.
After Domhnall and Fearghus, the two sons of Muircheartach, son of Muireadhach, son of Eoghan, son of Niall, had been three years in the sovereignty of Ireland, they both died.
The Age of Christ, 562.
The first year of Eochaidh, son of Domhnall, son of Muircheartach, and of Baedan, son of Muircheartach, son of Muireadhach, in the sovereignty of Ireland.
The Age of Christ, 601.
The first year of Aedh Uairidhnach, son of Domhnall Ilchealgach, son of Muircheartach, son of Muireadhach, son of Eoghan, in the sovereignty of Ireland.
Ronan, son of Tuathal, Lord of the Airtheara, died.
Cormac Caemh and Illann, son of Fiachra, died.
Mongan, son of Fiachra Lurgan, was killed with a stone by Arthur, son of Bicar, one of the Britons, of which Beg Boirche said:
Cold is the wind across Ile,
which they have at Ceann Tire;
They shall commit a cruel deed in consequence,
they shall kill Mongan, son of Fiachna.
Where the church of Cluain Airthir is at this day,
renowned were the four there executed,
Cormac Caemh with shouting,
and Illann, son of Fiachra;
And the other two,—
to whom many territories paid tribute,—
Mongan, son of Fiachna Lurgan,
and Ronan, son of Tuathal.
The Age of Christ, 624.
The first year of Domhnall, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, in the sovereignty of Ireland.
The battle of Dun Ceithern was gained by Domhnall, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, over Congal Caech, or Claen, son of Scannlan, where Guaire Gaillseach, son of Forannan, and many others, were slain; and Congal was afterwards defeated; of which was said:
1. The battle of Dun Ceithirn,
in which there was red blood over grey eyes;
There were in the track of Congal Crom
bodies thick-necked, comely.
The battle of Ard Corainn was gained by Connadh Cerr, Lord of Dal Riada, where Fiachna, son of Deman, King of Ulidia, was slain.
The Age of Christ, 626.
The second year of Domhnall.
After Domhnall, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, had been sixteen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he died at Ard Fothadh, in Tir Aedha, after the victory of penance, for he was a year in his mortal sickness; and he used to receive the body of Christ every Sunday.
Dunghal, son of Scannal, chief of the Cruithni, and Ceannfaeladh, son of Suibhne, chief of Cianachta Glinne Geimhin, were burned by Maelduin, son of Maelfithrigh, at Dun Ceithirn.
Conall, son of Dunchadh, was slain at Ceann Tire.
Seachnasach, son of Airmeadhach, and Conaing, son of Conghal, were slain.
Dunchadh Muirisce, son of Maeldubh, King of Connaught, was slain.
The devastation of Magh Breagh, both churches and territories, by the Saxons, in the month of June precisely; and they carried off with them many hostages from every place which they left, throughout Magh Breagh, together with many other spoils, and afterwards went to their ships.
Adamnan went to Saxon Land, to request a restoration of the prisoners which the North Saxons had carried off from Magh Breagh the year before mentioned. He obtained a restoration of them, after having performed wonders and miracles before the hosts; and they afterwards gave him great honour and respect, together with a full restoration of everything he asked of them.
Congalach, son of Conaing, son of Conghal, son of Aedh Slaine, died.
Irgalach Ua Conaing was killed by the Britons.
Fogartach Ua Cearnaigh was banished into Britain by Fearghal, King of Ireland.
Fogartach Ua Cearnaigh returned from his exile in Britain.
Domhnall, son of Ceallach, King of Connaught, died.
The plundering of Cluain Mic Nois by the foreigners of Linn Duachaille.
The plundering of Disert Diarmada by the foreigners of Cael Uisce.
The plundering of Birra and Saighir by the foreigners of the Boinn.
A fleet of Norsemen on the Boinn, at Linn Rois. Another fleet of them at Linn Saileach, in Ulster. Another fleet of them at Linn Duachaill.
Maelduin, son of Conall, lord of Calatruim, was taken prisoner by the foreigners.
The burning of Cluain Fearta Brenainn by the same foreigners.
An army was led by the foreigners of Ath Cliath to Cluana An Dobhair, and burned the fold of Cill Achaidh; and Nuadhat, son of Seigen, was martyred by them.
Dun Masg was plundered by the foreigners, where Aedh, son of Dubdhachrich, Abbot of Tir Da Ghlas and Cluain Eidhneach, was taken prisoner; and they carried him into Munster, where he suffered martyrdom for the sake of God; and Ceithearnach, son of Cudinaisg, Prior of Cill Dara, with many others besides, was killed by them during the same plundering excursion.
Forannan, Primate of Ard Macha, was taken prisoner by the foreigners, at Cluain Comharda, with his relics and people, and they were carried by them to their ships at Luimneach.
A battle was gained over the Connaughtmen by the foreigners, in which Riagan, son of Fearghus; Mughron, son of Diarmaid; and Aedh, son of Catharnach, with many others, were slain.
Cuil Caissine was plundered and burned by the foreigners.
A slaughter made of the foreigners of Ath Cliath, at Carn Brammit, by Cearbhall, son of Dunghal, lord of Osraighe, where twelve hundred of them were slain.
The first plundering of Imleach Iubhair by the foreigners.
A battle was gained by Maelseachlainn, son of Maelruanaidh, over the Danes, at Forach, where seven hundred of them were slain by him.
Another battle was gained by Olchobhar, King of Munster, and by Lorcan, son of Ceallach, King of Leinster, having the Leinstermen and Munstermen along with them, over the foreigners, at Sciath Neachtain, wherein Tomhrair Earl, tanist of the King of Lochlann, and twelve hundred along with him, were slain.
A victory was gained by Tighearnach, lord of Loch Gabhar, over the foreigners, at Daire Disirt Dachonna, where twelve score of them were slain by him.
A victory was gained by the Eoghanacht Caisil over the foreigners, at Dun Maeletuile, where five hundred of them were slain.
A hosting was made by Olchobhar, to demolish the fort of Corcach against the foreigners.
Cinaedh, son of Conaing, lord of Cianachta Breagh, rebelled against Maelseachlainn, son of Maelruanaidh, and went with a strong force of foreigners, and plundered the Ui Neill from the Sinnainn to the sea, both churches and territories; and he plundered the island of Loch Gabhor, and afterwards burned it, so that it was level with the ground. They also burned the oratory of Treoit, within which were three score and two hundred persons.
Ard Macha was devastated by the foreigners of Linn Duachaille, on the Sunday before Easter.
A slaughter was made of the foreigners in the east of Breagh; and another slaughter was made of them at Rath Aldain, by the Cianachta, in one month.
The plundering of Loch Cend by the foreigners, after they had entered it on the ice; and one hundred and twenty persons were slain by them, together with Gorman.
The oratory of Lusca was burned by the Norsemen.
A great victory was gained by Aedh, son of Niall, over the Gall Gaeidheala, in Gleann Fhoichle, where he made a slaughter of them.
Maelgualai, King of Munster, was stoned by the Norsemen, until they killed him.
A hosting of the men of Leinster, Munster and Connaught, and of the southern Ui Neill, into the North, by Maelseachlainn, son of Maelruanaidh; and he pitched a camp at Magh Dumha, in the vicinity of Ard Macha. Aedh Finnliath, son of Niall, and Flann, son of Conang, attacked the camp that night against the king, and many persons were killed and destroyed by them in the middle of the camp; but Aedh was afterwards defeated, and he lost many of his people; for Maelseachlainn and his army manfully defended the camp against the people of the North.
The battle of Druim Da Mhaighe was given by Maelseachlainn to the foreigners of Ath Cliath, where many of the foreigners were slain by him.
Amblaeibh, Imhar, and Uailsi, three chieftains of the foreigners; and Lorcan, son of Cathal, lord of Meath, plundered the land of Flann, son of Conang.
The cave of Achadh Aldai, in Mughdhorna Maighen; the cave of Cnoghbhai; the cave of the grave of Bodan, i.e. the shepherd of Elcmar, over Dubhath; and the cave of the wife of Gobhann, at Drochat Atha, were broken and plundered by the same foreigners.
The plundering of Connaught by the king, Aedh Finnliath, with the youths of the North.
The killing of the foreigners at Fearta Na gCaireach, by Cearbhall, so that forty heads were left to him, and that he banished them from the territory.
Conchobhar, son of Donnchadh, the second lord that was over Meath, was drowned in a water at Cluain Iraird, by Amhlaeibh, lord of the foreigners.
The burning of Dun Amhlaeibh at Cluain Dolcain, by the son of Gaithen and the son of Ciaran, son of Ronan; and one hundred of the heads of the foreigners were exhibited by the chieftains in that slaughter at Cluain Dolcain.
A victory was gained by the son of Gaithin over the foreigners of Ath Cliath, wherein fell Odolbh Micle.
Gnimhbeolu, chief of the foreigners of Corcach, was slain by the Deisi.
Flann, son of Conaing, lord of all Breagh, collected the men of Breagh and Leinster, and the foreigners, to Cill Ua nDaighre,—five thousand was the number of his forces,—against the king, Aedh Finnliath. Aedh had only one thousand, together with Conchobhar, son of Tadhg Mor, King of Connaught. The battle was eagerly and earnestly fought between them; and the victory was at length gained, by dint of wounding and fighting, over the men of Breagh, the Leinstermen, and the foreigners; and a slaughter was made of them, and a great number of the foreigners were slain in that battle. There were slain therein Flann, son of Conaing, lord of Breagh; Diarmaid, son of Ederscel, lord of Loch Gabhar; and Carlus, son of Amhlaeibh, i.e. son of the lord of the foreigners. There fell on the other side Fachtna, son of Maelduin, Righdhamhna of the North, in the heat of the battle.
The poet of Aedh said before the battle:
1. There comes over the bright Finnabhair
a pleasant brown haired host, across the noble, rapid stream.
It is in hundreds the Foreigners are counted,
to fight with the great King of Etar.
1. Good our cause, good our expedition,
the strength of a hundred heroes in our body;
Rise ye up, accomplish valour,
kill the herd along with the boar.
A certain poet cecinit:
1. At Cill Ua nDaighre this day,
the ravens shall taste sups of blood,
A victory shall be gained over the magic host of the Foreigners,
and over Flann; it will be no good news to him.
Eodois, son of Donghal, suffered martyrdom from the foreigners at Disert Diarmada.
Maelseachnaill, who was lord of half South Breagh, was slain by the foreigners.
Ailill, son of Dunlang, King of Leinster, was slain by the Norsemen.The plundering of the men of the Three Plains, and of the Comanns as far as Sliabh Bladhma, by the lords of the foreigners, during the snow of Bridgetmas this year.
Maelcobha, son of Crunnmhael, Abbot of Ard Macha, was taken prisoner by the foreigners of Loch Cuan, as was also the Lector, i.e. Mochta.