I have long been interested in the Etruscans of northern Italy, their origins and their mysterious language. Not long ago I posted a message on another forum wondering aloud if the modern inhabitants of Tuscany had a different DNA profile from other Italians. Well, I don't need to wonder any longer. Today's "Guardian" newspaper carries an article about a DNA project run by the University of Turin, which has tested the Y DNA of men in selected Tuscan towns who have distinctive local surnames and longstanding family connections in the area where they live. Cutting a long story short, the evidence is conclusive that their ancestors came from what is now Turkey, but what thousands of years ago was the province of Lydia in Asia Minor. Some of the men tested had close DNA matches with inhabitants of Izmir [formerly Smyrna, and largely Greek-speaking].